Puffins at Bjargtangar
Bjargtangar is the most Westerly point of Iceland and indeed of Europe, a mere 300 km from Greenland. The sheer cliffs are in fact a continuous rock wall extending for about 14 km, from Bjargtangar in the west to Keflavik in the east.
The cliffs are cut by three valleys. Listed from east they are: Lambahlioarfalur, Geldingsskorardalur and Djupidalur. To the west of Djupidalur is Heionakinn, where the cliff wall rises spectacularly to its highest point 400 metres about sea level. Heionakinn is supposedly the spot left unblessed by Bishop Guomundur the Good; tradition has it that he intended Heionakinn as a dwelling place for an evil spirit said to haunt the cliffs, cutting the ropes of those decending the cliff face.
(Taken from an information sign in the area)
Other sources indicate this is in fact not the most Westerly point of Europe.
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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.