Cathedral of Saint Christina, Bolsena
At the end of the third century, during the last persecution against Christians by Emperor Diocletian, Christina, twelve-year-old daughter of pagan Bolsena prefect, was subjected to torture. Just converted to Christianity, the girl miracolously managed to survive being tortured, her executioners dying in her place. Christina was then thrown into the lake tied by the neck to a stone, but instead of being dragged to the bottom, she remained afloat, the stone even bringing her back to the shore, where her father, appalled, died seized by an illness. Finally, after having been subjected to every kind of atrocious torture and mutilation, Christina died July 24, 304, her heart pierced by arrows.
In the summer of 1263, Bohemian priest Peter of Prague, upon returning from his pilgrimage to Rome, was witness to the so-called Miracle of Bolsena, that inspired Pope Urban IV to create the feast of Corpus Christi.
The name "Italy" is shrouded in mystery; some etymologists trace it to a Greek word meaning "the land of young cattle."
Italy was fond of Jupiter and Mars from the very start, Jupiter for fatherly good luck and Mars for war!
But it all began with Rome. Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus who were sons of Rhea and Mars.
The twins were abandoned at birth out of a fear that they would grow up and later overthrow Amelius, usurper of their grandfather's rightful throne.
Wrongful mis-doings most foul! Treachery and sabotage!! HOW would these two blessed infants make their way in such a world?
As it turns out, the twins didn't have to make their way very far, because one of them killed the other one and then they weren't twins anymore. But that happens later.
First they got rescued by a she-wolf who suckled them with her milk and raised them as her own until they were discovered by the shepherd Faustulus.
Faustulus fed them meat and bread and also raised them as his own until they were old enough to return to Amelius and hack him up as planned. They reinstated the grandfather Numitor to his rightful throne and went off to celebrate by starting a town of their own.
They chose a hilly area where the mama wolf had saved them from certain death in the barren wilderness and began scouting locations.
Romulus liked one hill. Remus liked another. The circle of crows like Romulus' hill, so Romulus killed Remus and named the town after himself. Thus Rome was born and Italy with it.
Text by Steve Smith.