Morning panorama at Botev square in Vratsa. Around the square are situated the Historical museum of Vratsa (Vraca), which is one of the 100 tourists sites in Bulgaria, a hotel, some cafe's and restaurants. There is a monument statue of Hristo Botev raising 12 meters above the square. Hristo Botev is one of the most active revolutioners and freedom fighters in Bulgarian history. He was killed in Vraca's Balkan not far from Vraca on the 2-nd of June 1876. Every year on 1-st of June there is a fireworks to honer him and his freedom activities. In the 2-nd of June many people from all parts of Bulgaria are going to Okolchitsa (Okolchica) peak to commemorate his honorable death.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.