Castle of Buñol
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Panoramic photo by Patrick Hubert EXPERT Taken 11:27, 13/06/2010 - Views loading...

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Castle of Buñol

The World > Europe > Spain

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The castle was built in the early thirteenth century under Arab rule.
Buñol and the surrounding region were then joined the Kingdom of Valencia in the middle of the thirteenth century, during the conquest of Valencia by Jaime I.
Among those who accompanied the king, Don Rodrigo Lizana received "because of its many services castles Buñol, Monroy and Amacasta".
From June 1304 to 1415, the castle passed from hand to hand between the Crown of Aragon and the aristocracy, through donations and purchases successive then to the king Alfonso V of Valencia, who then sold his grand chamberlain Berenguer Mercader.
Thus the family Mercader, one of the most representative of Valencia, was linked to the Hoya de Buñol from 1425 until 1836, when the castle returned finally to the Crown.

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This panorama was taken in Spain, Europe

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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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