Musée National du Château de Versailles
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Panoramic photo by Andrea Biffi PRO EXPERT MAESTRO Taken 10:19, 16/04/2010 - Views loading...

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Musée National du Château de Versailles

The World > Europe > France

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When the royal château was built, Versailles was a country village; today it is a suburb of Paris, some twenty kilometers southwest of the French capital. The court of Versailles was the center of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789 after the beginning of the French Revolution. Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime.

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Nearby images in France

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A: Château de Versailles

by Andrea Biffi, 70 meters away

When the royal château was built, Versailles was a country village; today it is a suburb of Paris, so...

Château de Versailles

B: Orangerie du Château de Versailles

by Andrea Biffi, 120 meters away

The Versailles Orangery (French: L′Orangerie du Château de Versailles) was built by Jules Hardouin-Ma...

Orangerie du Château de Versailles

C: Château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles

by zeljko soletic, 170 meters away

Château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles

D: Le château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles

by zeljko soletic, 170 meters away

Le château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles

E: Entrance to Castle Versailles

by Ruediger Kottmann, 190 meters away

Entrance to Castle Versailles

F:

by Роман Осташ, 210 meters away

G: Palace of Versailles - courtyard of honour

by Ruediger Kottmann, 220 meters away

Palace of Versailles - courtyard of honour

I: La Colonnade at Versailles

by Mark Peterson, 690 meters away

There are many fountains and statues on the grounds of Versailles. This is the Colonnade fountain in ...

La Colonnade at Versailles

J: Versailles

by Wojciech Gancarczyk, 1.0 km away

Versailles

This panorama was taken in France

This is an overview of France

France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.

French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.

The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.

The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.

The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.

One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.

During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.

France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.

Text by Steve Smith.

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