Çufut Qale (Tatar pronunciation: [tʃʊˈfʊt qaˈlæ] Ukrainian: Чуфут-Кале, Chufut-Kale; Russian: Чуфут-Кале, Crimean Tatar: Çufut Qale, Turkish: Çıfıt Kale, Karaim: Къале, Qale) sometimes spelled as Chufut Kale is a historic fortress in Crimea, near Bakhchisaray. Its name is Crimean Tatar and Turkish for "Jewish Fortress" (çufut/çıfıt - Jew, qale/kale - fortress). Çufut Qale was historically a center for the Crimean Karaite community. In the Middle Ages the fortress was known as Qırq Yer (Place of Forty) and as Karaites to which sect the greater part of its inhabitants belong, Sela' ha-Yehudim (The Rock of the Jews).
Simferopol (Ukrainian: Сімферополь; Russian: Симферополь, meaning in Greek: city of common good; Crimean Tatar: Aqmescit, literally: The white mosque) is the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in southern Ukraine. As the capital of Crimea, Simferopol is an important political, economic, and transport center of the peninsula. As of 2006, the city's population is 340,600. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simferopol