0 Likes

Concert in the Lutheran Church in Floresti
Transsylvania
comments powered by Disqus

Michael Pop
Lutheran church in Felsendorf
Michael Pop
Concert in the Lutheran Church in Floresti
Michael Pop
The school in the small village Felsendorf
Michael Pop
The kindergarden in the small village Felsendorf
Michael Pop
Church renovated by Prince Charles' foundation in Floresti
Michael Pop
German Cemetery at Felsendorf, Romania
Michael Pop
Laslea - Typical saxon village
Michael Pop
Organ of the saxon church in Laslea
Michael Pop
Inside the Saxon church in Laslea
Michael Pop
Tower of the saxon church in Laslea
Michael Pop
Inside the saxon church in Danes
Michael Pop
Dracula Inn's Mini Animal Farm
Rolf Ris
Muerrenbachfall
Marcelo Botta
Girasoles
Valentin Arfire
in the Timis River - Banat - Romania
Takács István
Kupola Lent2
Bane Obradović
Jatare train station, Mokra gora
Peter Pajor
Ta Keo Angkor Cambodia
Bane Obradović
Narrow gauge steam locomotive, Mokra Gora
Valentin Arfire
Grajdpanorama
Peter Pajor
Angkor31 Panorama
Jiri Vambera
Nigardsbreen 1 2011
Roberto Scavino
Early Christian Baptistery in Albenga
Vil Muhametshin
The Porcelain Cabinet near the Golden Hall, Rundale Palace, Latvia
Michael Pop
Palma40
Michael Pop
Orthodox Cathedral in Timisoara
Michael Pop
Rupea Fortress
Michael Pop
Ascending the Scaunul Domnului (God's Chair) mountain
Michael Pop
Nice landscape near Nehoiu
Michael Pop
World's biggest easter egg
Michael Pop
Iris in concert in Targu Mures
Michael Pop
City Library in Palma de Mallorca
Michael Pop
View from the balcony of the Tourists' Guesthouse in Paltinis
Michael Pop
Boats in the Cismigiu Park
Michael Pop
Suspended wooden bridge over the Nera in the Nerei Gorges, Romania
Michael Pop
Looking up to Sibiu old town centre
More About Transsylvania

Transylvania (Romanian: Ardeal or Transilvania; Hungarian: Erdély; German: De-Siebenbürgen.ogg Siebenbürgen (help·info), see also other denominations) is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains; however, the term frequently encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crişana, Maramureş, and (Romanian) Banat.Transylvania was once the nucleus of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC–106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory and after that its wealth was systematically exploited. After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of tribes, which subjected it to various influences. During this time areas of it were under the control of the Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and Bulgars. Thereafter the Romanized Dacian inhabitants either moved into the mountains and preserved their culture or migrated southward. It is likely that elements of the mixed Daco–Roman population held out in Transylvania.[1] There is an ongoing scholarly debate over the population of Transylvania before the Hungarian conquest[2] (see Origin of the Romanians).The Magyars conquered the area at the end of the 9th century and firmly established their control over it in 1003, when their king Stephen I, according to legend, defeated the native prince entitled or named Gyula.[3][4][5][6] Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a voivod appointed by the Hungarian King. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 Transylvania became effectively an independent principality ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes. Afterward, in 1566, Hungary was divided between the Habsburgs and the Turks, with the Transylvanian principality maintaining autonomy as an Ottoman subject.The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The Habsburgs, however, recognized the Hungarian sovereignty over Transylvania,[1][dubious – discuss] while the Transylvanians recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I (1687), and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire, separated in all but name[7][8] from Habsburg controlled Hungary[9][10][11] and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor’s governors.[12] In 1699 the Turks legally conceded their loss of Transylvania in the Treaty of Karlowitz; however, anti-Habsburg elements within the principality only submitted to the emperor in the 1711 Peace of Szatmár. After the Ausgleich of 1867 the region was fully reabsorbed into Hungary [4][6] as a part of the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire.Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary began to disintegrate. The ethnic Romanian majority elected representatives, who then proclaimed union with Romania on December 1, 1918. In 1920, the Allies confirmed the union in the Treaty of Trianon. Hungary protested against the detach, as over 1,600,000 Hungarian people[13] were living in the area in question, mainly in Szekler Land of Eastern Transylvania, and along the newly created border, which was drawn through areas with Hungarian majority. In August 1940, in the midst of World War II, Hungary regained about 40% of Transylvania by the Vienna Award, with the aid of Germany and Italy. The territory, however, reverted to Romania in 1945; this was confirmed in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties[4].In distant regions, Transylvania is also often associated with Dracula[14][15][16] (Bram Stoker's novel and its film adaptations), and the horror genre in general, while in countries of Central and Eastern Europe the region is known for the scenic beauty of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.