Zlatibor is located in South West Serbia occupies the territory between the coordinates 17 ˚ 14 min. and 17 ˚ 28 min. EGL, and 40 ˚ 36 min SGS. Dinara is to provide direction, odosno NW-SE. The length of this massif is 55 km. width of 22 km. while its area is 1016 km ².
Spatial is bordered to the northwest Kremna valley in the north of the river valley Mačkatskom Susica and plateaus, mountains in the southeast and south Murtenica Uvac river. Also belong to the foothills are crossing with Tara.
Bringing the idea to its basic Zlatibor orographic form an injustice to some extent the notion of a tradition that spread to the broader Zlatibor spatial territory, quite different from the real features of the landscape of Zlatibor. This extension of the concept of Zlatibor has its geographical logic: the concept builds on the concept of Zlatibor Zlatiborac ie. resident of the mountain. However, it is known that the right Zlatibor, with the exception of tourism, there is almost no permanent villages. So, "the inhabitants of Zlatibor" outside of his right, orographic areas. These are the neighboring villages with their livestock-of agricultural economy could not remain indifferent to the vast grasslands of Zlatibor, but they were very early izdelila the pastures. The pastures are temporary settlements nickel-huts that were used for accommodation during the mowing and keeping the herd until late autumn, when the meadow slope.
In the era of agrarian overpopulation and the difficult conditions the outflow of rural population to urban industrial centers, zaoštravane the contrast between natural resources and economic possibilities of feeding the population. This crisis is manifested, among other things, the production and sale of Luca and tar from Zlatibor. The seller of these products is Zlatiborac, Zlatibor Era. Zlatibor, therefore, economically tied to specific natural features, surrounding population. Their associated pastures on nearby villages, and production of tar and torch the local landscape even more spacious. Symbiosis on the production-as urban marantniji, gives his hallmark: the people who participate are Zlatiborci, a region in which they live and entered a landscape that is in communion to prizvodno - Zlatibor. In this way, the concept extends beyond his Zlatibor ortografskog real space of the surrounding landscape, and production of different landscape characteristics. About Zlatibor is true, in fact, formed a halo of space that is also beginning to call Zlatibor.
Air Zlatibor is an alpine and sub alpine with characteristic features. Summers are pleasantly warm with fresh nights, and winters are quite long, relatively heavy with plenty of rainfall. March is the driest of the year and was the most precipitation in May and October. Summer rainfall is sometimes accompanied by torrential rains or the city, and often announce debt and strong thunder and storms. Snow falls between October and May, sometimes with short, sometimes with long interruptions, and is maintained on the ground an average of 100 days.
Although summer temperatures known to cross 30 degrees Celsius are tolerable because of the presence of winds that cross over the mountain to the famous "wind rose" to the products of conifer needles has a beneficial effect on the human body.
Zlatibor winds that come from the southwest and northwest are the fastest, strongest and northeast throughout the year and in all seasons lowers the air temperature. Southwest and south winds occur from autumn to spring and bring with them a warm air current. Zlatibor has many windy days and reported an average of 56 days a year.
The so-called local mountain winds are blowing in the early spring, late fall and during the summer in jutarnim hours. In some areas there are winds of Zlatibor "noćnici" and they make big temperature difference between valley and mountain winds.
Humidity varies depending on rainfall, a survey showed that during the day it reaches a maximum value of about 7 and about 14 hours minimum. It is natural that the humidity in itself, the higher the mountain areas with lower altitudes, so it Zlatibor is an average of 60%.
Air Zlatibor is studied based on meteorological data station at Palisade established in 1950. year.
Climatic conditions in Zlatibor manifest themselves as moderately hilly sub-Alpine region of modified features with its known characteristics, relatively warm summers and not too cold winters.
but it is especially important and what Zlatibor mountain apart from other centers is extremely high number of hours the sun shine (insolation), an average of close to 2,000 hours per year. The highest number of sunshine hours was recorded in July (267 hours) and August (260 hours) and lowest in December (75 hours).
All these climatic conditions and characteristics indicate that izuzetii conditions for health and sports and recreational tourism.
Zlatibor is a mountain plateau type of the surrounding terrain is clearly separated region wavy surface.
Those high and steep slopes of Zlatibor is separated from the surrounding terrain in a separate morphological entity, the special geographical characteristics.
Slopes are particularly pronounced in the eastern and northeastern part. In the north are beginning Savin hill (1132 m) up to the chest (1140 m), Ćavika (1018 m) and Obadovog hills (948 m) end Čajetinska Gradina (1160 m). These slopes are long linear sequence that rises above the fields and valleys Braneškog Sušice about 300 yards to 350 yards. In his straightforward direction Cajetina is more disturbed by erosive Blasić penetration, a tributary of Susica. Here is the erosive effect of this flow is shifted back to the slopes of Palisade. In this expansion of the village amphitheater Čajetina, the seat of the municipality bearing the same name.
From Čajetinska Gradina south eastern border of Zlatibor starts, also bordered by steep slopes. In fact, a series of straight line slope continues below Pjevčaka (1040 m), Bojišta (1066 m) and Savičić head (977 m), including and Alin Potok in Zlatibor plateau. Not only height but also stronger zastrmljenošću, Zlatibor plateau is the strongest Čigota looming over the region in the east. Slope sections to extend further south into the source of the river where Ljubiške immediately urastaj Murtenica the mountain range.
Northeastern and eastern slopes of Zlatibor are rasedne departments along which towered above the surrounding Zlatibor relief. The linear nature of these departments, their abruptness and spuštenost limestone masses in their foot of the morphological and geological characteristics of the faulting. Subsequent river erosion work these departments moved thereby Zlatibor plateau more devastated. The most prominent such breakthroughs as the erosive Cajetina and the springing part Katušnice. Because of Zlatibor plateau to the east of its parts stand out as headlands or flaps. One of these lobes is a wreath Murtenica. Although some on the morphological characteristics of a continuation of Zlatibor plateau, though the other properties it differs considerably from. Murtenica crown begins to rise more to Sisak zlatiborskoj plateau hair and Svijetnjakom and Barber (1480 m), the highest elevation. From there to the southeast and gradually lowers to form a narrow stretches, and ages in the surrounding limestone terrain, and thus loses the morphological and landscape features of Zlatibor plateau.
Zlatibor plateau to the southwest is clearly marked by high and more than 10 km long ridge Tornik. This begins at the Pine Ridge head (1147 m), and from there gradually rises toward the northwest, to a flat Tornik (1431 m) and the United Tornik (1496 m) reached the highest level. From the Great Tornik the northwest ridge to its stronger lowers the saddle at Djurovic cemetery, where it ends. Pine ridge separating the heads of two mountain ridges: tornički and Murteničko and also represents the far southeastern border of Zlatibor plateau.
While the northeastern, eastern and south-western border of Zlatibor plateau, represented by high, extreme slopes, so far as its western borders are not clear: the valley stretch Jablanica, break out the Black Rzav mile downstream from the mouth of Ribnica, through Lisičine (1067 m), Lupoglav (1092 m) and Bara emerges Viogor (1281 m) above the highest elevation Semegnjevske. Part of the western border of Zlatibor below Lisičine Lupoglav Viogora is also surrounded by high steep slopes of the smaller streams that flow that failed to be pronounced warp.
Semegnjevskom worse with rounded border of Zlatibor in geomorphological terms.
Flora of Zlatibor is extremely versatile and is an integral part of tourism. Large forest areas provide recreational excursion and tourist developments, important aesthetic role and importance of a health resort.
Zlatibor characteristic landscape presents a wide, grassy meadows, pastures called, which are sometimes decorated with pine trees.
In the area around Zlatibor represented the following plant communities:
• forests of white and black pine fragmentelno or as individual trees
• mountain beech forest is largely young, well-developed and periodically distributed along the rim ia Zlatibor
• birch, hazel, linden, white oak, hawthorn, ivy and other smaller species of the spread
• meadow community is represented by sweet grasses (meadow grass), which rotate depending on the location and terrain create pastures and rudine.
The plateau Zlatiborskoj recognize three types of meadow types:
Pastures intended for grazing meadows. For these plant species are not as numerous as the zakosi because the cattle do not zakosi Napas (grass is grown and kept for mowing), and the most abundant grass because they harbor water Zlatibor rivers and streams fed constantly.
Many medicinal plants are Zlatibor, such as gentian, centaury, thyme, yarrow, St. John's wort. Many of honey and bees are ideal for grazing and production of honey, royal jelly and propolis.
Mountain kite all coniferous species, mostly pines. Among the conifers predominant black and white pine, fir and spruce, and at lower altitudes growing deciduous trees: oak, beech, hornbeam, birch, ash and aspen.
Forests Zlatibor rich forest berries: strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, and succeed on their outsides of which mushrooms are edible sunglasses, borovnjača, chanterelle, and lipika. (Ršumović, Milivojevic, Lazarevic, 1991).
The fauna of Zlatibor ubraraju the wild animals that are permanent residents or, occasionally. Allowed them to hunt according to the law on hunting management plan and some hunting. Divided into small and large game, and some of the animals are protected. They are always present: the wolf, fox, wild boar, deer, rabbits, badgers, squirrels, pine marten, stone marten, otter and wild cat.
The birds are varied and numerous, and for hunting the most important are: partridge, partridges, quails, pigeons, pheasants and leštarke. Most of the singing birds and they are under constant protection. (Đenić, 1970).
Zlatiborske Rzav River, Uvac Katušnica are rich in fish and spawn them in trout, chub, gudgeon, skobari et al. Fish has in other rivers of the mountain, so that fishing could become one of the major forms of tourist traffic in this area.
Zlatibor plateau has a slope to the north and northwest, which caused all the water that goes into the Black Sea, Drina, and Moravica Detinja. Rivers and streams are rich in various kinds of fish. Southern part of Zlatibor A powerful river with a deep trough Uvac and very beautiful canyons.
The corresponding content of the soil, excellent climate and rich vegetation cover caused plenty of water on Zlatibor. Zlatibor levels by tilting to the north and northwest all the water drains into the river Zlatibor Black Sea, it relates to water Drina, Đetinja or Moravica.
Uvac and Black Rzav carry water from southern and central parts of the mountains, north and northwest swell in water Susica Djetinja and waterways from the eastern parts of the large sums paid to them and Rzav Moravici.
The river flows south Uvac border mountains, and its magnificent canyons testify to the power of this wild river.
Black Emperor Rzav springs in the area below the slopes of the northwest and flows Murtenica centrelnim parts of the plateau. In Vrdišta meets with White Rzav real river Rzav in Visegrad that flows into the Drina.
Large Rzav eastern border flows of Zlatibor, near the village of White River, and Ljubisa Sirogojno, is one of the cleanest rivers of Serbia and water supplies Arilje, Pozega, Cacak, Gornji Milanovac.
Northern parts of Zlatibor geological composition of their congregation are poor water. Besides Sušice, whose waters during the summer disappears in the limestone, there is no other river.
Zlatibor has no natural lakes. The King's Water is a small lake built in 1947, charging him a clean mountain stream Obudovica. The lake is a summer beach and the decor is a kind of Zlatibor tourist resort. It is an artificial lake built in the middle of the 1946th year for tourism purposes. Is 150 m long and 50 m wide. High pine trees that surround it, creating a pleasant shade and freshness during the hot summer days. It is surrounded by pleasant paths for walking and benches for guests. During the summer it is possible to ride boats and pedal boats on the lake.
Ribnička lake is another major reservoir of Zlatibor. Located at 7 km. Obudojevičkog jugozapdno of the lake. It is built on the river Crni Rzav in Ribnica used for water supply and tourist center of Zlatibor. The name itself suggests to us that the lake is rich in various kinds of fish: chub, trout, carp, tench and catfish and is possible the development of sport fishing. Very attractive building in hydrological outstanding natural environment between Ribnica, King's guidance, and water, attracts many visitors, anglers and recreationists.
History and culture
Posted on Fri, 17/12/2010 - 10:56 by editor
>> The three legends about the name of Zlatibor>> Tourism Development>> Cultural Heritage
The monuments of material culture suggest that there are at Zlatibor rare prehistoric settlements from the Neolithic period, set in thick woods or beside a mountain stream and river. The remains of this culture whose existence testifies ornamentisana ceramics, good luck to those people in residences, caves on steep hills, which now bear the name of the hill.
The first known inhabitants were the Illyrians Zlatibor or Partyiny their tribe, which inhabited the Uzice wider environment. Throughout this region, except in its central part, have left many mounds (prehistoric grave), for which there is a tradition among the people that the Greek cemetery. Since older people can hear a story like this: "Here the Greeks once lived, but one year when the snow fell to St. Elias, Zlatibor and left their dead in this small cemetery." The remnants of their culture - decorated ceramics - can be found in caves and steep peaks, where they lived. Today these places are called "hill" on Zlatibor there are three (čajetinska, krivorečka, šljivovička). The museum collection of the library, we can see some fragments of pottery with the characteristic patterns imprinted into the clay with your fingernail. Archaeological excavations in western Serbia has still not revealed the Illyrian settlement of any other character apart from these ruins. Therefore, their culture and lives exclusively on material studied from the castle and the "tumulus" (tombs), which is found on Zlatibor a lot of different locations: Krivorečka fort, a place Viševina, Kremna, a wider area of Ljubisa to Mušvet, Braneško field. (Đenić, 1983).
Zlatibor in Roman times was part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, on the left in this region and all of Europe's own well-known landmarks. For the exploitation of these areas and the military have built a network of roads known to the surrounding provinces (Mačkat - čajetinska hill - the river Uvac). The Romans left the area in a number of gravestones, which mostly date from the 2nd and 3 century. The largest number of Roman monuments located in Kremna and there are reliefs inspired by motifs from nature and sometimes Atis deity - in the form of handsome young men. They are also important sites in the Kriva Reka and Gostilje where the cemetery with tombstones.
In medieval times, Slavs arrive they have left an indelible mark in this area. They also built forts and ruins restored. The Gradac Dobroselica a fortress, where we can see the remains of the ramparts. Preserved remains of a stone pedestal, which was probably used for observation. The basis of animal bones were found (probably built in the wall for religious reasons) and many other materials found on this location (top-mast, a copper ring ...).
In setting up the Serbian state and city Zlatibor Uzice belonged Stracimira Governor, and only around 1180 The Stevan Nemanja joined them to his country. At the time of Stefan Nemanja these mountains, cattle breeding area, along with the entire environment of Uzice, were part of the area known as Old Vlach. Some time later, near Uzice administrative division is divided into four parishes: September, Moravica, Lužnica and Montenegro. Parish of September and is spread in today's Zlatibor a name probably derived from plants that pro can still be found in Semegnjevo and Uvac. Cultural and educational center of the former parish of September was the monastery Rujno (unfortunately not preserved), in which he worked, and one of the first Serbian printing. In a cluster of known circumstances that took place in sednjovekovnoj state after the death of Emperor Dusan, Zlatibor has frequently changed its masters by Vojislav Vojinović, Nicholas Altomanovic whose power over these regions is confirmed by the fact that Zlatibor village Sjeništa gave Chilandari. Knez Lazar Hrebeljanović Bosnian ban Tvrtko team up against the aggressive master, and 1373rd The winning it in Uzice. After the victory of the conquered territories were divided, and on this occasion most of Zlatibor went to the Serbian prince, while other parts are included into the Bosnian state (Đenić, 1983).
Conquest of the Serbian state and here the Turks established their rule by dividing the begerbegluke Zlatibor, Čitluk Kadiluk and Knežina that were managed by Serbian princes. During the Turkish Zlatibor shared the fate of the other Serbian regions and in troubled times was often devastated. Turks at all strategic places built fortifications for its own military needs, inns and mosques, and thus indirectly giving the name space on which are located in the Vlaovina Gostilje (the name comes from the word Vlach, which are called Christians, Turks and Serbs as well), Begluci in Branešci, Turica in Uzice. The flame of the first Serbian uprising, which in the spring of the 1804th spread throughout the Šumadija, and spread to Zlatibor. A large number of Zlatiborac accepted the hidden weapons of Mustafa Pasha's time, and approached Michael Radovic, organizer of the uprising in the area. The whole uprising was in the front lines carried by the desire to gain freedom of Serbian people. During the second Serbian uprising in Zlatibor no major fighting but are led by Mikhail Zlatiborci Radovic and the famous John's September Serdar Mićić participated in the battle of Ljubic and attack on a leash. General amnesty for Belgrade after talks with pashadom Porto encompassed parts of Zlatibor because this area offered the boundary between Belgrade and Novi Pazar pashaluk. In the Uzice district was soon formed principality based in Rujno Čajetina, and Serdar named Prince John Duke of Rozanstvo Micic, whose bust was placed in front of municipal buildings in Cajetina. This amnesty has created preconditions for the final liberation from Turkish oppression and economic uplift of Zlatibor. Zlatibor region is up to the May coup was inclined Obrenovic dynasty. King Aleksandar I repeatedly came to hotel where the 20th August 1893rd The fountain built at the source Kulaševac that has the name of King water (Đenić, 1983).
The first and second Balkan War Zlatiborci were deployed in the famous IV Infantry Regiment "Stefan Nemanja", which belonged to the Drina division with which they took a great victory in the Battle of Kumanovo and Bitola. Bulgarian attack on Serbia, Fourth Regiment "Stefan Nemanja" was involved in a battle in the Bregalnica. Whirlwind World War I and the Austro-Hungarian occupation also occurred in Zlatibor. The war has brought destruction and suffering of the population, infectious disease and the famine. After winning the Thessaloniki front and the liberation of Zlatibor and all of Serbia entered the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later Kingdom of Yugoslavia. By attacking the German occupation forces 6th April 1941. The kingdom of Yugoslavia, Zlatibor came under German fire but soon opkupaciju national liberation struggle brought the end of this short-term freedom. From September to November 1941. The Zlatibor is a part of "Guns Of War", the only free territory in occupied Europe. After the fall of "Guns Of" Zlatibor end he found himself again under the German, and Bulgarian occupation and was accompanied by material razarnja, robberies and shootings of civilians.
After the liberation of the people's government established in all municipalities and Zlatibor Zlatibor is titovoužičkog entered the region. After the disintegration of Yugoslavia and all social and political events, today Zlatibor end its mostly belongs to the municipality Čajetina.
Photo: Saša Stojanović from Soko Banja