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Panoramic photo by Thomas Bredenfeld EXPERT Taken 09:47, 17/11/2007 - Views loading...



The World > Europe > Switzerland > Grisons

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Disentis (Mustér) is the last greater village before approaching the passes Lukmanier (Pass Lucmagn) to Tessin/Ticino and Oberalp pass (Alpsu) to the Gotthard region. It is located in the uppermost Vorderrhein valley (Rein Anteriur) in the greatest contiguous language region where people talk Romansh. It is the west most part of the Canton of Grisons (Graubünden) in the Swiss Alps.
Central architectural landmark of the whole reagion is the big benedictine abbey St.Martin. Founded round the year 700 it's the eldest benedictine monastery north of the alps. You see it in the northeast of the panorama.
In the foreground you see the 1000mm narrow gauge rails of the Matterhorn-Gotthard-Bahn (MGB) which is built as a rack railway in its steeper parts as here.

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Nearby images in Grisons


A: Gross Duessi, above the summit cross

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Gross Duessi, above the summit cross

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The Oberalp Pass (in the local Romansh language: Alpsu) is located at the border between Disentis (Ca...

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This panorama was taken in Grisons, Europe

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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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