The city Harbour
The City Harbour
One of the oldest parts of the City was built around the Late Antique castle by the sea...
which stretched landwards a bit more than it does today, on the site of the pre-Romanesque Cathedral and the later Rectors Palace, encircling the City Harbour.
The harbour got its present-day look in the 15th century, the same one that can be seen on St. Blaises palm on the triptych painted by Nikola Božidarević around 1500. The local engineer Paskoje Miličević constructed the harbour in the 15th century.
The most prominent parts of the harbour are the three arches (the fourth one was additionally walled in) of the Large arsenal built in the late 12th and enlarged in the 15th century. The harbour was also the oldest shipyard, and a place where large boats were repaired.
The fishmarket gate, built in 1381, stands eastward from the Great Arsenal. The three arches of the 15th century Small arsenal, where small boats were repaired, are situated a bit further. The old tower of St. Lukes protects the harbour in the east, and the harbour entrance is encircled and guarded by Revelin Fort.
Constructed in 1476 the Od Ponte Gate is situated westwards from the Large Arsenal. The city wall, built at the same period, leads from the Gate to St. Johns Fort, initially called the Tower of Muo. The Fort houses the Aquarium on the ground floor and the Maritime Museum on the 1st and 2nd floor. The present-day street of Damjan Juda was formed in the 15th century, when the sewage system was completed, and building of houses against the western city wall was no longer allowed.
Porporela was built in 1873, next to St. Johns Fort. The Kaše breakwater was built in 1485, according to the design of Paskoje Miličević, in order to defend the harbour and protect it from south-eastern winds and waves. The breakwater thus shortened the harbours bulky chain stretched in the night from the Tower of Muo to St. Lukes tower. It was constructed of huge stone blocks laid over wooden foundations without binder.
Today the Large Arsenal houses the City Café and Theatre, whereas both the harbour and Porporela have become a pleasant promenade.
Photo: Kružne panorame
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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.