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وجود و ناوجود
"موجود را تنیدگیِ جسم گردِ ماهیت میبینم . وماهیت را تنها قطعیتِ وجود."
روشِ معکوس ، ، روشی است که استاد " پرویز تناولی " آن را پایه گذاری کرده اند و بیشترِ کار هایم را با این روش می-سازم. معکوس سفریست عارفانه ، که در هر بار تجربۀ آن می¬توان ساختار حیات را ، باز لمس کرد.
پس از آموختن اصول دنیای " معکوس" از استاد، به چشم انداز وسیعی قدم گذاشتم که نه تنها نوعی روش ساخت، بلکه شیوۀ تفکری جدید بود .
در این روش، قالب مجسمه ( فضای منفی اطراف مجسمه ) ساخته می¬شود . و دلیل نام گذاری این روش نیز برهمین اساس است. در آن، برخلاف ساخت مجسمه به روش¬های معمول ، به نبود های مجسمه فکر می¬کنیم ( فضا های منفی )، و این که چه نداشته هایی، داشته هایی ارزشمند به ما هدیه می¬کنند . ازهر بار تجربۀ معکوس ، تنها یک مجسمه به دست می آید، مخلوقی که به دلیل پیچیدگی¬هایش ، نمی¬توان آنرا تکثیر کرد.
در این شیوۀ کامل و ظریف، مجسمه ساز، قطعاتی از قبل ریخته شده را با جوش و اتصال کنار هم نمی¬نشاند، بلکه درست مانند ادبیات زندگی، فرصتی است تا هر کلمه را در طولِ مسیرِ ساخت، در جایی که باید بنشاند . و تنها در انتهای مسیر(پس از ریخته گری) است که می¬توان مجسمه رابرای اولین بار دید . مجسمه معکوس، مجسمه ای یکپارچه است و در طول ساختِ قالب ، یادگاری که از گفتگوی ابزار و ماسه بر دل قالب نشسته ، بر سطح مجسمه ثبت می¬شود. و این یادگار، بافتی است که در هیچ روش دیگری نمی¬توان به آن دست یافت؛ مگر آنکه لا اقل بخشی از این سفر را تجربه کرد.
Existence and Nonexistence
“I see the existent being as the substance weaved around the essence, and the essence as the only certainty of the existence.”
Reverse-bronze-casting a method introduced by “Maestro Parviz Tanavoli”, is the technique
I use; to make most of my works. This technique is a mystical journey, and a way to retouch the structures of life.
After learning the basics of the “Reverse-bronze-casting” world, I stepped into a vast realm which was not merely a method of making sculptures, but a new way of thinking also.
In the “Reverse-bronze-casting” Technique, the negative space around the sculpture (The mold) is made, not the sculpture itself. And, that is exactly where the name of this technique comes from. In this method, contrary to the ordinary techniques of making sculptures, we think of the non-existent part of the sculpture (negative spaces). Thinking of; how nonexistence could give us, the valuable existence. Each “Reverse-bronze-casting” experience results in merely one sculpture which is a creation that cannot be duplicated because of its complexities.
In this very complete, delicate technique, the sculptor does not put together the previously cast parts by joints and welding. Rather, similar to the literature of life, it is an opportunity to put each and every word, through its path of creation, in its very own place. And, it is only at the end of the route (after casting) that the sculpture can be seen. A “Reverse-bronze-casting” sculpture is created in one-piece, and it is a keepsake of the dialogue between tool and sand, sitting in the heart of the mold and recorded on the surface of the sculpture during the molding process. And, this keepsake (unique texture) cannot be attained through any other methods, unless you have experienced part of this journey.
Mona Paad, Fall 2013
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.