University of Tartu, Estonia
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Panoramic photo by Kristo Rihm EXPERT Taken 16:35, 27/07/2011 - Views loading...

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University of Tartu, Estonia

The World > Europe > Estonia

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Main building of the University of Tartu.

The University of Tartu  (initially called Academia Dorpatensis) was founded in 1632 by the Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus. Throughout the history has the University been Estonia’s leading centre of research and training, focusing on subjects as diverse as medicine and philosophy, genetics and computer science.

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Nearby images in Estonia

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A: Main Building of the University of Tartu

by Lauri Veerde, 10 meters away

The University of Tartu Main Building is one of the finest specimens of neoclassical architecture in ...

Main Building of the University of Tartu

B: Tartu Town Hall Square

by Vladimir Petrov, 150 meters away

Tartu Town Hall Square

C: ERC auto24 Rally Estonia - Ceremonial Start

by Bruno Keiser, 150 meters away

ERC auto24 Rally Estonia - Ceremonial Start

D: The opening of The Year of Black Snake in Town hall square Tartu

by Lauri Veerde, 190 meters away

Tartu kesklinn, 10 veebruar 2013. Märjad lumelärtsakad püüavad peita üksikute möödakäijate morne pilk...

The opening of The Year of Black Snake in Town hall square Tartu

E: "Dorpat" - UNESCO World Heritage Site

by Andrew Bodrov, 200 meters away

The Struve Geodetic Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to t...

"Dorpat" - UNESCO World Heritage Site

F: Angel’s Bridge on Toome hill in Tartu

by Kristo Rihm, 220 meters away

The Angel’s Bridge, located on Toome hill, was built in the 1814-1816 and replaced an earlier tempora...

Angel’s Bridge on Toome hill in Tartu

G: Old Tartu Observatory

by Andrew Bodrov, 260 meters away

The old Tartu Observatory is known internationally for its connection to Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von ...

Old Tartu Observatory

H: Old Tartu Observatory - At top of Observatory

by Andrew Bodrov, 260 meters away

The old Tartu Observatory is known internationally for its connection to Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von ...

Old Tartu Observatory - At top of Observatory

I: Pilots testing their aircrafts

by Lauri Veerde, 280 meters away

Bold pilots take flight with their self-made machines - above and into the river of Emajõgi

Pilots testing their aircrafts

J: Tartu, Toomemägi

by Vladimir Petrov, 290 meters away

Tartu, Toomemägi

This panorama was taken in Estonia, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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