Felix Romuliana near Gamzigrad - UNESCO
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Panoramic photo by Saša Stojanović EXPERT Taken 11:45, 21/05/2011 - Views loading...

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Felix Romuliana near Gamzigrad - UNESCO

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Felix Romuliana near Gamzigrad in Serbia enters UNESCO list

The World Heritage Committee finalized Friday 2007 additions to UNESCO's World Heritage List. Serbia’s Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius is among the sites inscribed on the list Friday, alongside Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape in Azerbaijan, and Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma in Mexico. The Late Roman fortified palace compound and memorial complex of Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius, in the east of Serbia, was commissioned by Emperor Caius Valerius Galerius Maximianus, in the late 3rd and early 4th century. It was known as Felix Romuliana, named after the Emperor's mother. The site consists of fortifications, the palace in the north-western part of the complex, basilicas, temples, hot baths, memorial complex, and a tetrapylon. The site is described as offering a unique testimony of the Roman building tradition marked by the ideology of the period of the Second Tetrachy. The group of buildings is also unique in its intertwining of ceremonial and memorial functions. In a decision unprecedented in the history of UNESCO's Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, the Committee deleted one property, the Arabian Oryx Sanctuary, from the List because of Oman's failure to preserve the outstanding universal value of the Sanctuary. The committee said in a statement the Middle East sultanate of Oman was "destroying the outstanding universal value'' of the Arabian Oryx Sanctuary by cutting its size by 90 percent and planning to prospect for oil in the region. The Committee Thursday made five new entries on the list, among which is also Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic Bridge of Višegrad in Bosnia. After the total of 22 additions made this year in a week long session of the Committee, UNESCO's World Heritage List now numbers 851 properties. It is 60km from Soko Banja spa.

Text source: http://www.visitserbia.org/i2.php?modid=171&p=readdesc&infoid=230&portalid=1

Panorama: Virtuelna panorama

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A: Gamzigrad-Romuliana, entrance gate

by Saša Stojanović, 20 meters away

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B: Gamzigrad - Felix Romuliana

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E: Gamzigrad - Romuliana - Palace of Galerius

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This panorama was taken in Serbia, Europe

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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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