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Fort La Latte
France

Anciennement la Roche-Gouyon, le château de Fort-la-Latte, situé à la pointe du même nom, en face du cap Fréhel dans le département des Côtes-d'Armor, est l'un des plus célèbres châteaux bretons. Remarquable par sa situation sur un cap rocheux, face à la mer, il a servi de décor à de nombreux films. Il fait l'objet d'un classement au titre des monuments historiques depuis août 1925. Le leitmotiv de l'ancien site web du château était : "Me zo ganet e-kreiz ar mor" ("je suis né au milieu de la mer" en breton). Le château de la Roche-Gouyon fut construit au XIVe siècle par le seigneur de Matignon, Étienne III Gouyon. La construction du château commença dans les années 1340, son donjon date des années 1365-1370. En 1379, suite au retour d'exil du duc de Bretagne Jean IV, le château fut assiégé par Bertrand Du Guesclin. Le château est attaqué et pris une seconde fois lors des guerres de Religion au XVIe siècle, cette défaite marquant un temps d'abandon de l'édifice. Ce n'est qu'au XVIIIe siècle, sous Louis XIV, que le château reprend son intérêt stratégique et est bastionné. Il servira jusqu'à la fin du Premier Empire où l'évolution des techniques militaires conduisit à son inadaptabilité. À partir de 1892, il fut vendu à divers propriétaires privés avant d'être acheté par un passionné en 1931 qui entreprit de lourds travaux de restauration qui s'achevèrent dans les années 1950.

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Formerly Roche Gouyon, Castle Fort la Latte, at the tip of the same name, opposite Cape Freels in the department of Cotes d'Armor, is one of the most famous castles in Brittany. Remarkable for its location on a rocky promontory facing the sea, he served as the backdrop for many films. It's been classified as historical monuments in since August 1925. The motto of the old site of the castle was: "Me zo e-Ganet Kreiz ar mor" ("I was born in the middle of the sea" in Breton). The Chateau de la Roche Gouyon was built in the fourteenth century by the Lord of Matignon, Stephen III Gouyon. The construction of the castle began in the 1340s, the keep dates from the years 1365-1370. In 1379, following the return from exile of the Duke of Brittany, John IV, the castle was besieged by the constable. The castle is attacked and taken a second time during the Wars of Religion in the sixteenth century, the defeat marked a time of abandonment of the building. This is the eighteenth century, under Louis XIV, the castle takes its strategic interest and is girdle. He will serve until the end of the First Empire and the evolution of military technology led to its unsuitability. In 1892 it was sold to various private owners before being bought by an enthusiast who in 1931 undertook heavy restoration work was finished in 1950.

Copyright: Zaellig
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6000x3000
Uploaded: 18/05/2010
Updated: 15/05/2014
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Tags: castle; monument; nature; fort la latte; bretagne; france
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France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.Text by Steve Smith.