In the 1850's, conflicts arose between the Indians and the newly arrived American and European miners and settlers. In response to these problems, the Army built Fort SImcoe on this site approximately 35 miles southwest of the city of Yakima, Washington.
Construction began in 1856, and the fort served as an advanced post of the Ninth Infantry Regiment until 1859 when it was turned over to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Indian Agency provided services to the Reservation Indians from reading and writing to trade skills. During this period some of the fort buildings were removed while other agency structures were constructed. In 1923 the Indian Agency moved to Toppenish and although the fort was abandoned, efforts soon began to preserve it.
Restoration projects by an Indian Civilian Conservation Corps crew in the 1930's saved some of the fort structures. In 1953, the land was leased to the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission from the Yakima Nation.
The United States is one of the most diverse countries on earth, jam packed full of amazing sights from St. Patrick's cathedral in New York to Mount Hollywood California.The Northeast region is where it all started. Thirteen British colonies fought the American Revolution from here and won their independence in the first successful colonial rebellion in history. Take a look at these rolling hills carpeted with foliage along the Hudson river here, north of New York City.The American south is known for its polite people and slow pace of life. Probably they move slowly because it's so hot. Southerners tend not to trust people from "up north" because they talk too fast. Here's a cemetery in Georgia where you can find graves of soldiers from the Civil War.The West Coast is sort of like another country that exists to make the east coast jealous. California is full of nothing but grizzly old miners digging for gold, a few gangster rappers, and then actors. That is to say, the West Coast functions as the imagination of the US, like a weird little brother who teases everybody then gets famous for making freaky art.The central part of the country is flat farmland all the way over to the Rocky Mountains. Up in the northwest corner you can find creative people in places like Portland and Seattle, along with awesome snowboarding and good beer. Text by Steve Smith.