Gothenburg Kungsportsavenyn
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Panoramic photo by Marcin Klaban EXPERT Taken 12:30, 12/04/2009 - Views loading...

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Gothenburg Kungsportsavenyn

The World > Europe > Sweden

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Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden (after Stockholm) and the fifth-largest amongst the Nordic countries. Situated on the south-west coast of Sweden, the city proper has a population of 500,197, with a total of 906,691 inhabitants in the metropolitan area.

The City of Gothenburg was founded in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. It is situated by the sea at the mouth of Göta Älv - the river running through the city - and is the largest sea port of the Nordic countries. Gothenburg is also home to many students, as the city includes both the University of Gothenburg (Scandinavia's largest university) and Chalmers University of Technology.

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Nearby images in Sweden

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A: Heden 2012 Goteborg

by Lars Sjoland, 380 meters away

Heden 2012 Goteborg

B: Gothenburg Gotaplatsen

by Jarek Ciszek, 430 meters away

Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden (after Stockholm) and the fifth-largest amongst the N...

Gothenburg Gotaplatsen

C: The Dancers at Gotaplasen, Goteborg

by Mahmood Hamidi, 470 meters away

The Dancers is a stature of two dancing girls at Gotaplatsen in Goteborg, Sweden. There are several o...

The Dancers at Gotaplasen, Goteborg

D: Gbg Kungsportsbron

by Mahmood Hamidi, 480 meters away

Gbg Kungsportsbron

E: Gotaplatsen Gallery of modern Art Goteborg

by Lars Sjoland, 490 meters away

Gotaplatsen Gallery of modern Art Goteborg

F: Gotaplatsen Goteborg

by Lars Sjoland, 500 meters away

Gotaplatsen Goteborg

G: Gothenburg by night

by Bengt, 580 meters away

Summer in the city keeps us cooler.

Gothenburg by night

H: Gothenburg summer

by Bengt, 590 meters away

Gothenburg by summer makes people human.

Gothenburg summer

I: Kungsportsplatsen, Goteborg

by Mahmood Hamidi, 590 meters away

Kungsportsplatsen, Goteborg

J: Gothenburg Kungsgatan

by Jarek Ciszek, 710 meters away

Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden (after Stockholm) and the fifth-largest amongst the N...

Gothenburg Kungsgatan

This panorama was taken in Sweden, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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