Požarevac (Serbian Cyrillic: Пожаревац, pronounced [ˈpɔʒaːrɛʋat͡s]) is a city and municipality located in eastern Serbia. It is the administrative center of the Braničevo District of Serbia. In 2002, the city had total population of 41,736, while the municipality had 74,902 residents.
In Serbian, the city is known as Požarevac (Пожаревац), in Romanian as Pojarevaţ or Podu Lung, in Turkish as Pasarofça, in German as Passarowitz, and in Hungarian as Pozsarevác.
Its name means "fire-town" in Serbian.
It was known as Margus in Latin after the Roman conquest in the 1st century BC; it was inhabited by Thracians, Dacians and Celtics. Nearby Viminacium (Kostolac) was the provincial capital of Moesia Superior, of which Margus was part of (Kostolac is now a town in the municipality). The city, still known as Margus under the Eastern Roman Empire, was the site of the treaty between the Hun leaders Attila and Bleda and the Byzantine Empire (435 AD). Margus was sacked by the Huns in their invasion of the Eastern Roman Empire in 442.
It is historically known as the site of the signing the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718).
Today, the town is perhaps best known as the hometown of Serbian President Slobodan Milošević. He was born there on 20 August 1941 during the Axis occupation in World War II and later buried on 18 March 2006 after his trial at The Hague ended without a verdict.
The Bronze Age figurine "Idol of Klicevac" was found in a grave in village Klicevac; it was destroyed during World War I.
The National Museum in Belgrade and Pozarevac kept some 40,000 items found in Viminacium, of which over 700 made of gold and silver. Among them are many objects that represent the European and world rarities invaluable.
In June 2008, a Triballian (Thracian) grave was found together with ceramics (urns), dating from 1st millennium BC.
Municipality of Požarevac includes the following settlements:
* Selo Kostolac
* Ljubičevsko naselje
In the 2008 reform of Serbian local government, Požarevac received status of a city, and the town of Kostolac became the seat of the second city municipality. Požarevac is the smallest Serbian city consisting of two municipalities.
Foto: Virtuelne panorame
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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.