Haverud Akvedukt Dalsland Sweden
The Aqueduct in Hoverud, Dalsland, Sweden was build in 1868 and is a combination of a railway bridge, bridge for normal traffic and an aqueduct. There are tree shipping companies trafficking the canal, it's M/S Dalslandia, M/S Storholmen and M/S Dalsland
The aqueduct was created by the famous canal builder Nils Ericson. Because of the specific local conditions in Håverud it was not possible to build a normal lock for the boats; the ground rock was to soft, the stream to rapid and the slope to steep. Nils Ericson then invented the Aqueduct. It's a freely hanging bridge where the water is led in a 33.5 meter long channel above the stream. The metal is joined together by 33000 rivets. Until now none has been replaced.
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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.