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Golden Water Bridge 明清宫苑-金水桥 (493 )
Zhejiang Province

金水河、玉带桥:

      承天门前,横亘一条蜿蜒曲折的护城河。元大都时,河水源于北京西郊玉泉山,东南西北中的“西方”,在我国古代金、木、水、火、土五行中属金,所以河道的名称取“金生而丽水”之意,故名金水河。河水从皇城西北角地沟流入宫中,河道幽幽,水清似玉。沿河两岸,建有曲折多姿的白玉栏杆,形似玉带,亦叫玉带河。

      金水河上有汉白玉雕刻的石拱桥七座,中间的一座最宽,供皇帝通行,故又称御路桥,御路桥两侧依次有王公桥、品极桥、公生桥各一座,桥栏望柱石雕均为荷花石榴,每座桥正对承天门楼一个门洞,按照文左武右的封建礼制,文武百官按照品级,各行其道。

      金水河即是皇城排泄洪涝的主渠道,又是护卫禁宫大内安全的重要设施,它与高耸的角楼,雄伟的城垣,构成皇城“金城汤池、深沟高垒”的城防格局。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8358x4179
Taken: 14/04/2013
Uploaded: 04/05/2013
Updated: 08/08/2014
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Tags: tour
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More About Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province for a China's province, is situated at south the Chinese southeast coast Yangtse Delta the wing, east is near East China Sea, south meets Fujian, west and Jiangxi, Anhui are connected, north with Shanghai, Jiangsu borders on. Within the boundaries biggest rivers Qiantang River, because the river current is winding, calls the river, also calls Zhejiang, the province by river, the abbreviation ?Zhejiang?. Provincial capital Hangzhou. The Zhejiang Province thing and the north and south straight distance is about 450 kilometers, the land territory area 101,800 square kilometers, are the nation 1.06%, is one of Chinese area smallest provinces. Next governs Hangzhou, the Ningbo 2 vice-provincial level cities, Wenzhou, Shaoxing, Huzhou, Jiaxing, Jinhua, Chu chou, Taizhou, Lishui, the Zhoushan 9 locally administered levels, altogether 11 municipalities. Zhejiang Province located at the Chinese southeast coast, is situated between the north latitude 27 ' 12 '' - 31 degrees 31 point and between the longtitude 118 E - 123 degrees, east is close to East China Sea, notogaea Fujian, west and Jiangxi, Anhui are connected, north and Shanghai, Jiangsu is a neighbour. The thing and the north and south straight distance is 450 kilometers, the land territory area 101,800 square kilometers. Within the boundaries biggest rivers Qiantang River, because the river current is winding, also calls Zhejiang, the province by river, Jian Chengwei Zhejiang. The entire province has critical terrain feature landscape more than 800, waters landscape more than 200, biological landscape more than 100, humanities landscape more than 100; Has Xihu, the Fuchunjiang River - Xin'an river, Yandangshan, Moganshan, the Putuo, Mt. Tiantai, Nanxijiang, the shengsi archipelago, Shuanglongdong, the dwelling place of celestial beings, the Xuedou, the Huanjiang - Wuxie, Mt. Jianglang, the dwelling place of celestial beings and so on 14 state-level key scenic spot area, Dongqian Lake, the big Buddhist temple, Fang Yan, Mt. Lanke and so on 42 provincial level scenic spot area; Has Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Chu chou, near the sea 5 state-level historical city, provincial level historical city 12; Has nation key Cultural relic preservation organ 134, provincial level key Cultural relic preservation organ 279; Has state-level nature protection area 7, country forest park 20.