Hermitage. Jordan Staircase. Эрмитаж. Иорданская лестница
Парадной лестнице - блестящему шедевру барокко - отводилась важнейшая роль. Гости императоров, послы иностранных держав поднимались по ней, направляясь во дворец на прием к государю. В XVIII в. лестницу называли Посольской, позже ее стали именовать Иорданской. В праздник Крещения из Большого собора Зимнего дворца по лестнице спускался крестный ход. Члены императорской фамилии и высшее духовенство направлялись к Неве для совершения обряда водосвятия: во льду делалась прорубь, так называемая Иордань, над которой устанавливался павильон.
he Winter Palace (Russian: Зимний дворец) in Saint Petersburg, Russia, was, from 1732 to 1917, the of...
Courtyard of the Winter palace (architect G.F.Rastrelli, 18 centuries). Enters into a complex of buil...
Christmas lights on the Palace Embankment. Also visible Strelka of Vasilevsky Island and the Petropav...
Hermitage Museum - main entrance view from the Palace Square, One of the richest art colections are o...
The new Hermitage - the first building in Russia, created specially for placing of art collections of...
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!
Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.
Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in Chita
Although you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.
Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).
The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.
Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)
After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.
Text by Steve Smith.