Hobbister nature reserve, Orphir, Orkney
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Panoramic photo by John Leith EXPERT Taken 16:50, 05/07/2009 - Views loading...

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Hobbister nature reserve, Orphir, Orkney

The World > Europe > Scotland

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The RSPB nature reserve at Hobbister over looks Scapa Flow and is a mixture of sea cliffs, saltmarsh, heather moorland and sandflats.

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Nearby images in Scotland

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A: Waulkmill, Orphir, Orkney

by John Leith, 1.2 km away

Waulkmill Bay is a bay in Scapa Flow on the south of the Mainland of Orkney. It is shallow and at low...

Waulkmill, Orphir, Orkney

B: OISF 2011, Stillroom, Scapa Distillery, St Ola, Orkney

by John Leith, 4.4 km away

Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage RallyThe OISF is an annual festival which has exp...

OISF 2011, Stillroom, Scapa Distillery, St Ola, Orkney

C: Bridge, Scapa, St. Ola, Orkney

by John Leith, 4.4 km away

At the west end of he Scapa Beach there is the start of a cliff top path. This path passes beside the...

Bridge, Scapa, St. Ola, Orkney

D: OISF 2011, Scapa Distillery, St Ola, Orkney

by John Leith, 4.4 km away

Orkney International Science Festival 2011, Vintage RallyThe OISF is an annual festival which has exp...

OISF 2011, Scapa Distillery, St Ola, Orkney

E: Scapa Beach, St. Ola, Orkney

by John Leith, 4.4 km away

This is where the Scapa burn comes out and is just below the Scapa Distillery. It was a nice clear da...

Scapa Beach, St. Ola, Orkney

F: Scapa Pier, Scapa, St. Ola, Orkney

by John Leith, 4.6 km away

Scapa is to the South of Kirkwall. There is a narrow piece of land between Kirkwall and Scapa. In tim...

Scapa Pier, Scapa, St. Ola, Orkney

G: Riding the Marches 2010, Scapa, Orkney

by John Leith, 5.0 km away

2010 saw the twenty fifth aniversary of the re-enstatement of the Riding of the Marches around the Bu...

Riding the Marches 2010, Scapa, Orkney

H: Riding The Marches 2011, Scapa, Orkney

by John Leith, 5.0 km away

Riding the Marches of the Borough of Kirkwall was re-started in 1986 and since then has taken place o...

Riding The Marches 2011, Scapa, Orkney

I: St Olaf's Kirkyard, St Ola, Orkney

by John Leith, 5.0 km away

St Olaf's Kirkyard is the main kirkyard for Kirkwall.From here there is a good view over Scapa and in...

St Olaf's Kirkyard, St Ola, Orkney

J: HMS Royal Oak Memorial, Scapa, Orkney

by John Leith, 5.0 km away

A memorial to HMS Royal Oak which was sunk just a couple of miles south of this spot. There is a car ...

HMS Royal Oak Memorial, Scapa, Orkney

This panorama was taken in Scotland, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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