Hodjapasha Culture Center
CASINOS, MUSIC HALLS
Most of the entertainment venues of İstanbul were at Pera and Direklerarası area in Şehzadebaşı district. Kanto singers who performed Western style dances would take to the stage in the music halls, theatres and party gardens at Galata, Tepebaşı and Beyoğlu. Galata theatres were mostly frequented by sailors, hoodlums and mischievous Muslim men. After the first act, minor chanteuses would start singing kantos and fun would begin. Most famous chanteuses of that period were Peruz and Little Amelia. Men from all walks of life would sneak into theatres to watch the kanto singers and some of them would fall in love and get into fights with rivals. Direklerarası was a calmer area where Muslim families could go to enjoy a night out.
In the Ottoman Empire and in modern Turkey today, every area, every city and village has its own traditional folkloric costumes and dances. These rich and traditional entertainment forms are still held in high regard and enjoyed today. With more than 4000 types of traditional folkloric dances identified by folklore researchers in rural areas and villages, Turkey has one of the richest folkloric dance heritages today. Anatolia is the melting pot of many civilizations where this great traditional heritage is kept alive.
Hora is the general name of dances typical to Thrace. Hora dances are very fast, rhytmic and energetic. Footwork and steps remain in the foreground.
Horon is a typical folk dance of the eastern Black Sea coastal area and its interior parts.
Caucasian: is the general name of folk dances peculiar to Ardahan, Kars, Posof and Iğdır areas in Anatolia. Most charasteristic feature of the dances of this area is the fast and brisk movements.
Bar is typically the folk dance of Northeastern Anatolia, especially in the cities of Erzurum, Kars and Bayburt.
Halay is the general name of folk dances peculiar to Eastern Anatolia, Southeast Anatolia, Interior Anatolia and Cukurova region.
Zeybek is a form of folk dance peculiar to Western Anatolia that can be performed solo or by a group of dancers lined up in a circle. Zeybek symbolises a brave hero protecting the people. Arms are raised and opened to both sides, hands are held in the upright position about head level. Taking long steps, the dancer moves slowly. One of the key movements of this dance is when the dancer makes a crouching movement and touches the ground with one knee.
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Istanbul (historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see the other names of Istanbul) is the largest city of Turkey and the third largest city in the world. The city covers 27 districts of the Istanbul province.
It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world which is situated on two continents. In its long history, Istanbul served as the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), the East Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). The city was chosen as joint European Capital of Culture for 2010. The historic areas of Istanbul were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.