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鶴藪水塘 Hok Tau Reservoir
Hong Kong

鶴藪水塘(英語:Hok Tau Reservoir)位於香港新界北區,粉嶺平原東端,屬八仙嶺郊野公園範圍之內,因鄰近鶴藪圍一帶而得名。水塘建於1968年[1],屬船灣淡水湖工程計劃的一部分,負責將八仙嶺西北部的水源收集,經地下水管供應至船灣淡水湖,同時鶴藪水塘亦是灌溉水塘,用作灌溉附近農田。水塘容量僅約18萬立方米,混凝土主壩高18米、長102.1米,水庫規模較小。


鶴藪水塘在粉嶺石坳山及八仙嶺屏風山之間的深谷裏築成,外形如一彎新月的湖。該處為丹山河的主要源頭,下游匯併軍地河,再匯出梧桐河,將八仙嶺、沙螺洞及軍地一帶山水引集成流。http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%B6%B4%E8%97%AA%E6%B0%B4%E5%A1%98

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Copyright: Njohn
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6720x3360
Taken: 27/11/2011
Uploaded: 24/12/2011
Updated: 18/08/2014
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Tags: 鶴藪水塘; 鶴藪水塘家樂徑; hok tau reservoir; hok tau reservoir hiking
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njohn
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More About Hong Kong

Overview and HistoryHong Kong sits on the south coast of China, on the Pearl River Delta. It's got a population of more than seven million people and is one of the most densely populated places on earth. It also appears to be putting into place the template for population management, which cities around the world will be implementing as soon as they can afford it. More on that later.Archaeological evidence dates human activity beneath present-day Hong Kong back to the stone age. The area was first settled by people from the mainland during the Han dynasty, around the beginning of the common era (the P.C. term for when B.C. changed to A.D. Whoa!)For hundreds of years, Hong Kong was a small fishing community and haven for travelers, with a few pirates here and there. Then whitey showed up.Western influence reached China at the beginning of the 15th century, when all those great explorers in boats were cruising for loot in strange and mysterious places. Tea and silk were the commodities connecting eastern Europe to China, and Hong Kong was known as a safe harbor through which to pass. When you're carrying the Queen's tea, it's especially important to avoid ARRRRRRguments with pirates. Hyuk hyuk hyuk.Seriously folks -- in the eighteenth century Britain was doing a booming business with China, offering Indian opium to balance their extensive purchases of fine porcelains and everything else. The opium was ordained to be for medicinal purposes only, of course.Well, as you may imagine, the Chinese got sick of opium fiends junking up the place, so they attempted to stop the British suppliers, to no avail. The Opium Wars resulted and ended with China ceding Hong Kong to the British, in fear of their massive naval power. This took place in the year 1841.Colonization soon followed, Hong Kong shot up in value as an international port, and its population increased dramatically. In 1898 Britain acquired additional territories on a 99 year lease -- expiring in 1997. Does that year sound familiar? Read on.In the 20th century Hong Kong changed hands several times. The British surrendered it to Japan during World War Two, then took it back after Japan's defeat, then gave it to China later. Immediately following the war, Hong Kong served as a safe haven for hundreds of thousands of Chinese refugees, while the Chinese National Government was losing its civil war against communist leadership.The population of Hong Kong exploded as corporations seeking to escape Chinese isolationism arrived and set up shop. Cheap labor in the textile and manufacturing industries steadily built up the economy and ensured foreign investment. By the end of the 20th century Hong Kong had become a financial mammoth offering banking services to the world.In 1997 Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule with a few stipulations in place to guarantee its economic autonomy, as much as possible. 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Octopus is the world's first electronic ticket-fare card system and the Hong Kong public transportation system is the world leader in people-moving. 90% of Hong Kongers get around on public transportation.Octopus covers the Airport Rail line, buses, ferries, the rapid-transit MTR network, supermarkets, fast food outlets, phone booths... It's how to get around the cashless economy.Nevermind the microchip built into it, you'll get used to having one of those on you at all times -- and soon they'll be internal! What do I mean? Many schools in Hong Kong even use the Octopus card to check attendance, because you read the card's data with an external scanner from a distance. This will the global norm soon. What if that chip is installed in your body? It's in the works baby!The hilly Hong Kong terrain also demands some special modes of transportation. 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