The Holy Cross Abbey is a restored Cistercian monastery in Holycross, County Tipperary in Ireland. His name was took from True Cross or Holy Rood relic when a fragment of relic was brought to Ireland around 1233. By the time, the abbey transformed in an important medieval pilgrim place where the people could see the True Cross relic who was last exposed to the public in 1632. In the 18th century the Holy Cross Abbey fell into ruins and became a burial place after 1740, in 1880 the abbey became scheduled as national monument "to be preserved and not used as place of worship.
A special legislation in 1969 enables the Holy Cross Abbey to be restored a place of Catholic worship and an authenticated relic of Holy Cross was donated by Vatican.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.