Holy Trinity Church [Grocka]
The church was built 1883rd on the foundations of an earlier church from the 1828th year.
The church has one nave barrel vault vaulted building with a semicircular apse on the eastern and western part of the porch, above which rises coach zvonik.U based church and the facade is done in the classical spirit, with a touch of romantic architecture.
Holy Trinity Church in Grocka
Spiritual Treasury Box
Grocka The settlement was first mentioned in writing until the fourth century, the list of Bulgarian bishops of 878 under the name Gardec, although the first and oldest traces of settlement in this area dating from the early Neolithic (New Stone Age), and were found in Vinca. It is known to be located on the banks of the Danube the largest Neolithic settlement in this part of Europe, which belong to the period and locations Agino hill Dubočaj in Grocka.
Grocka Territory in the ancient period was an integral part of the Roman province of Upper Mizija. Vinca settlements, Ritopek, Grocka and Restovik are made on the route of a Roman road that linked Singidunum (Belgrade) and Viminacium (Kostolac).
The following written document that provides evidence of the rich history of this settlement is a Turkish census from the 1560th year, where we see that in addition to the town which has two quarters, with 11 Muslim and Christian with 28 homes, and mentions a town that has dizdars and about 40 soldiers. Evliya Celebi in his Travelogue Grocka described as a square fortress, in which are stored ammunition dumps, grain store, a mosque and two small hana.
At a later stage, the 1717th Grocka year fell under Austrian rule, and in the immediate vicinity of the decisive battle took place between the Austrians and the Turks, after which the Turks conquered Belgrade. From this time we have left a multitude of documents and objects, and one of the most important monuments is certainly a monastery in Rajinovac Begaljica, in whose courtyard is the tomb of Prince Elias Andrejevića Palalije.
We have no reliable data on the existence of church buildings in the territory of the Middle Ages. Although the earliest descriptions of Grocka no mention of the church, we could assume that the mosques mentioned in the travel notes, built on the ruins of the Orthodox places of worship, as is happening in many Serbian towns conquered by the Turks. In support of this is the fact that already the first decades of the eighteenth century, mentions the "old church" built of solid material.
The first reliable information is revealed in the list of churches from Belgrade arhidijaceze 1732nd year, detailing where the two churches in Grocka with many moving objects.
OLD AND ABOVE THE CHURCH
The old church was located in the lower part of town, "the mahala, a small, old, osveščaja" with "duharima of adobe covered cigloju". Details are listed liturgical items, vestments, liturgical books of the old "Gospel bound in silver - Serbian press, the second manuscript Gospel, the Liturgy printed in Moscow, Moscow Apostle, Proceedings Serbian, Serbian Psalter old." Of objects of applied art are given gold works of art, objects made of various metals and church vestments and fabrics.
The icons of the iconostasis are listed by svojij subject, without further detailed information. We know that the iconostasis included 31 icon: the icon of Christ 9, Bogorodičinih 3, 6 archangel, vol. Jovan 3 Baptist, Saint. Nicholas 4, the two icons of St.. And St. George. Stefan and an icon of St.. Bartholomew the Apostle and St.. Demetrius.
The upper church was formerly an old Turkish mosque, which served as places of worship unsanctified with the permission of Metropolitan Moses Petrovic. Located on the western part of town, near the present church. And the church had an old liturgical books: Serbian manuscript Gospel, Liturgy Moscow, Triod farisejevac, Oktoih Kiev, old Serbian Proceedings, Obšćak Moscow, Prologue four to twelve months, an old manuscript Psalter, et al. The church was furnished with various objects in the field of applied art made in sreru, copper, iron, wood, and rich ecclesiastical vestments.
The list says 25 icons that adorned the church: Christ icons 8, the two icons of St.. Nicholas, Saint. George, vol. Demetrius, vol. Judith, one of icons of St.. John the Baptist, Saint. Elias, Vol. John the Theologian, St. Cosmas and Damian, Saint. Luke, two icons "12mesjaci" banner with the icon of Christ and the Virgin.
Both churches are shown on the plan Grocka from the 1739th was kept in the Vienna war archive. It is interesting that in addition to their church and the third appears, which is located south of the quarter, on the right bank Gročice. About her monster other data.
It is likely that both churches were destroyed in the tumultuous events of our history in late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Joakim Vujic in his travels to the Serbiji, during which it visited 1823.godine Grocka, states that "in this town Foundling is a poor church, which is made of wood and wattle and almost destroyed." In addition, mentions the school with 22 students that was in the churchyard.
NEW CHURCH BUILDING
Over time, there was a need that instead of this old, almost dilapidated church, build a new temple, so they are asking this Gročani 1828th was addressed to Prince Milos. In the same year began the building of new churches. In August, the building of the arch occurred when the spring came less due to lack of material. This was soon overcome and the church was completed in time, we see from the letter to Prince Milos Gročana from the 1828th year. With the letter is attached and specifications for the construction costs.
Holy Trinity Church was built in 1883. The vaulted nave building as a barrel vault, with a semicircular apse on the eastern and western part of the porch, above which rises de decker tower. Above proscomidion đakonika rise and two polygonal dome. The overall architectural structure of the church, and the facade, is based on the classicist conception of the elements of Romanticism.
The iconostasis was also conceived in the spirit of classicism. Horizontally divided architectural, molded cornices and three jarusa, while the vertical division performed using kaneliranih columns with Corinthian capitals painted in white and decorated with gilt floral tendrils. The upper part of the iconostasis is within typical classicist architectural elements: a molded cornice roof, triangular tympani in the middle, symmetrically koncipiranom attic with urns on top.
The icons that adorn it was painted by painter Nikola Markovic. There are a total of 27th The arrangement of the iconostasis is the following: plinth - God the Father, Escape to Egypt, the miracle of Christ, the Beheading of St. John the Baptist; throne icons - Holy Trinity, Mother of God, Jesus Christ, Vol. John the Baptist; Dveri - on the northern side gates of the Holy. Archdeacon Stephen, a southern St.. Archangel Michael, the Royal Doors - Bagovesti the oval, the left is painted sv.arhangel Gabriel, the Virgin and to the right. Above the side doors are two compositions that illustrate Dejanija apostles, and above the Royal Doors is The Last Supper.
The second zone, pretprazničke icons: Presentation, Nativity, the Temple, the Resurrection, Baptism, Ascension, Transfiguration.
The third zone - above the northern gates of the Oval - St. Peter, above the south - St. Paul, in the middle of the Crucifixion.
Tron-Virgin Mother of God, which is represented sitting on a throne with the baby Jesus Christ on his hands.
Bishops throne - St. Sava standing bishops in vestments and Stefan First-Crowned.
Make great wall decoration painted on the walls of the vault of solejom in pendentives and above the choir. Above soleje - bust of Jesus Christ Pantoktatora; north - the bust of King Milutin, a bust of Tsar Uros. In pendentives evangelists are painted, and above the choir Simeon and Tsar Lazar.
Works on the walls of the heat insulation and renewed in 1966. years by Slobodan Rusković.
With the arrival of new priests, the elders. Aleksandra Mitrovic and on. Steve Vukic, started teaching at the temple. At some future planned work on the restoration of icon painting and murals, as well as the introduction of underfloor heating in the church.
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