Introduction of the thousand buddha grottoes in accordance with the distribution of the caves,it can be divided into western,central and eastern district there are cave 1234 in the western district,cave 5678 in the certral district;there are 91shrine stup a in the eastern district,thousand buddha grottoes cave is mainly in the form of the newel cave in the planar square,there are 4 existingcave sites in nerthern dynasties of the sixteen states penod,there are more than 40statues from northern liang,northern wei and tang period of the sixteen states period,and more than 300square me ters freseoes from northern wei dynasty,western wei dynasty,and the yuan,mingdynasties.
Old is Yongzhou Gansu provincial capital Lanzhou. Located in the upper Yellow River, located in the geographical center of China, between latitude 32 ° 31 '~ 42 ° 57', longitude 92 ° 13 '~ 108 ° 46' between. It is the east, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Sichuan controlled South, West Hill Xinjiang, brief Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, is the ancient Silk Road of the key sections of land and gold, and with the Mongolian border, it was like a magnificent gem, set in central China the Loess Plateau, Qinghai and Inner Mongolia plateau, something more than 1,600 kilometers meandering, aspect 453,700 square kilometers, accounting for 4.72% of the total area. Population 26 million (968 million in 1949), Han, Hui, Tibetan, Dongxiang, Yugu, Baoan, Mongolian, Kazak, Tu, Salar, Manchu and other ethnic groups. Among them, the Dongxiang, Yugur, Bonan is a minority of Gansu.