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Market (Bedesten) Kâtip Çelebi (1608-1659) wrote in"Cihannüma" that a "Sûk- u Muhtasar-i" (small bazaar) was present which means there was a market in Samsun in the 17th century. There was a market next to the right side of the fortification of Samsun Castle which contained twenty-two shops on both sides. There was an arched roof covering the market. In 1864 the market was renovated and some shops were replaced with gates to make the market more spacious. The seven gates included one opening to the inside of the castle four gates to the east and iron-clad gates at both ends of the market.
Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.