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The Circular Mound Altar Cheng-zhen door 成贞门 (1249)
Beijing

成贞门:

      1、天坛内坛由丹陛桥连接南北两端的圜丘坛和祈谷坛,内坛东西向有一道墙将祈谷坛和圜丘坛分成南北两部分,这道墙在丹陛桥的轴线上有座门就是成贞门。

      2、天坛圜丘的四周有垣墙,垣墙的东南西北四面各有天门一座,四天门分别是:东为:泰元门;南为:昭亨门;西为:广利门;北为成贞门。这里是成贞门。

      3、天坛主要建筑都集中在内坛,南有圜丘坛和皇穹宇,北有祈年殿和皇乾殿,两部分之间有这道成贞门相通,并用丹陛桥连接圜丘坛和祈谷坛,构成内坛的南北轴线。

      4、这里的成贞门和昭亨门在丹陛桥构成的南北轴线上,游人从南至北或自北向南,沿着轴线游览圜丘坛和祈谷坛时必经过此两门。而东边的泰元门,西边的广利门由于不在游览线路上,使用价值不复存在,一般游人不会特意寻找广利门和泰元门了。

      5、历史上,圜丘坛四天门及其建筑群彰显了“三皇五帝”之涵义。

      东泰元门:代表着唐尧帝;南昭亨门:代表着虞舜;西广利门:代表着帝喾帝;北成贞门:代表着颛顼帝;圜丘天心石台:代表着黄帝

      圜丘三台为圆形祭坛、内壝墙亦为圆形,表示着“天皇”;外垣墙、外壝墙为方形,表示着“地皇”;圜丘祭坛所有石构件均取“九”及“九”的倍数,表示着九天对应“九州”的“人皇”。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8340x4170
Uploaded: 10/01/2014
Updated: 15/08/2014
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