In the front of Espresso Coffee House - Hadera, Road 65\ Caesarea Junction, Israel
The local authority was created in 1969 from the consolidation of the Pardes Hanna and Karkur authorities.
There are 31,500 residents of Pardes Hanna-Karkur.
The land that Karkur sits on was bought by the World Zionist Organization through the Hachsharat Hayishuv Company.
The Company created the name Pardes Hanna from Pardes (Hebrew for orchard) since it was planned that the settlement would be based on citrus fruits and Hanna after Hanna Rothschild, the daughter of Nathan Meir Rothschild, the uncle of the famous benefactor Baron Edmond James De Rothschild.
There are 46 synagogues of various types in Pardes Hanna-Karkur: Sephardic, Ashkenazi, Ethiopian, Iranian, Iraqi and Yemenite.
Culture and the Arts
In recent years, Pardes Hanna-Karkur has attracted more than a few artists and entertainers from Tel Aviv and the Center. This wave was led by Hans and Ilan Plada from Plastic Plus, one of the leaders of the Bohemian Shenkin Street, who were joined by various artists and entertainers, such as the songwriter Shimrit Or, the singer and songwriter Meir Ariel z"l, the singer Avraham Tal and various other musicians, artists (and healers).
Another informal tradition in Pardes Hanna during the 1990s was called Hashikshuk. On the first Friday of each month, local residents got together for a Bedouin-style market in the center of Pardes Hanna. Anyone could sell second-hand goods or artistic creations. The bazaar also included food stands, arts and crafts booths for children, workshops and booths for holistic treatments, as well a raised stage on which people could perform.
Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.
The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.
Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!
When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.
Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.
Text by Steve Smith.