0 Likes

Inside the Rasnov Fortress near Brasov
Transsylvania
Copyright: Michael pop
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6000x3000
Uploaded: 15/11/2009
Updated: 16/06/2014
Views:

...


Tags: rasnov; rosenau; brasov; fortress; burg; cetate; cetatea; taraneasca; saseasca; transilvania; transsylvania; romania
comments powered by Disqus

Adrian Avram
Rasnov Citadel Balcony View
Adrian Avram
Rasnov Citadel Ro Adventure Summer Camp
Alex Serban
Rasnov Peasant Citadel
Adrian Avram
Rasnov Citadel Backyard
Thomas Blanket
Romania, Râșnov, Cetatea Râșnov
Michael Pop
The fortress Rasnov near Brasov
Michael Pop
Casa Rasnoveana Pension in Rasnov
Liviu-George Dumitru
Rasnov Citadel (Cetatea Râșnov)
Valea Cetatii
Michael Pop
The Rasnov Gorge, Romania
Laurentiu Rusu
Poiana Brasov | Miorita Lake
Laurentiu Rusu
Poiana Brasov | Funicular
Andrea Biffi
Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II
Markus Freitag
-Kloster Arnsburg- Das rote Tor
AYRTON
Jrexpo4
Johan Offermans & Karl Overholt
Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours Chapel
Zoran Strajin
Wooden Art Factory, Bethlehem
Calvin Jones
Devil's Playground, Box Elder, Utah
andrey air_man
Непал Гокио Ри 4790м
Cuong Duc Phan
Building kingdom
Bill Edwards
Museum of Flight Restoration Center, Entrance Lobby, Everett, WA
Thomas Huang
Moria Gate, Karamea, New Zealand
Andy Bryant
Rocher Du Lorzier Chartreuse
Thomas Huang
Ben Lemond Peak, Queenstown, New Zealand
Michael Pop
Playground in the Cismigiu Park
Michael Pop
Romanian Wedding in Targu Mures (1)
Michael Pop
Suspended wooden bridge over the Nera in the Nerei Gorges, Romania
Michael Pop
Service at the Targu Mures Rally
Michael Pop
The Rhine Waterfall at Schaffhausen
Michael Pop
Der Thermalwasserfall in Toplita
Michael Pop
Charles de Gaulle Square in Bucharest
Michael Pop
In the Turda gorges
Michael Pop
S-bahn mainstation in Stuttgart
Michael Pop
Art Zone 2
Michael Pop
Inauguration of the Greek-Catholic Church "Annunciation" in Targu Mures
Michael Pop
Stairs to the fortress Biertan
More About Transsylvania

Transylvania (Romanian: Ardeal or Transilvania; Hungarian: Erdély; German: De-Siebenbürgen.ogg Siebenbürgen (help·info), see also other denominations) is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains; however, the term frequently encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crişana, Maramureş, and (Romanian) Banat.Transylvania was once the nucleus of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC–106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory and after that its wealth was systematically exploited. After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of tribes, which subjected it to various influences. During this time areas of it were under the control of the Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and Bulgars. Thereafter the Romanized Dacian inhabitants either moved into the mountains and preserved their culture or migrated southward. It is likely that elements of the mixed Daco–Roman population held out in Transylvania.[1] There is an ongoing scholarly debate over the population of Transylvania before the Hungarian conquest[2] (see Origin of the Romanians).The Magyars conquered the area at the end of the 9th century and firmly established their control over it in 1003, when their king Stephen I, according to legend, defeated the native prince entitled or named Gyula.[3][4][5][6] Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a voivod appointed by the Hungarian King. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 Transylvania became effectively an independent principality ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes. Afterward, in 1566, Hungary was divided between the Habsburgs and the Turks, with the Transylvanian principality maintaining autonomy as an Ottoman subject.The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The Habsburgs, however, recognized the Hungarian sovereignty over Transylvania,[1][dubious – discuss] while the Transylvanians recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I (1687), and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire, separated in all but name[7][8] from Habsburg controlled Hungary[9][10][11] and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor’s governors.[12] In 1699 the Turks legally conceded their loss of Transylvania in the Treaty of Karlowitz; however, anti-Habsburg elements within the principality only submitted to the emperor in the 1711 Peace of Szatmár. After the Ausgleich of 1867 the region was fully reabsorbed into Hungary [4][6] as a part of the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire.Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary began to disintegrate. The ethnic Romanian majority elected representatives, who then proclaimed union with Romania on December 1, 1918. In 1920, the Allies confirmed the union in the Treaty of Trianon. Hungary protested against the detach, as over 1,600,000 Hungarian people[13] were living in the area in question, mainly in Szekler Land of Eastern Transylvania, and along the newly created border, which was drawn through areas with Hungarian majority. In August 1940, in the midst of World War II, Hungary regained about 40% of Transylvania by the Vienna Award, with the aid of Germany and Italy. The territory, however, reverted to Romania in 1945; this was confirmed in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties[4].In distant regions, Transylvania is also often associated with Dracula[14][15][16] (Bram Stoker's novel and its film adaptations), and the horror genre in general, while in countries of Central and Eastern Europe the region is known for the scenic beauty of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.