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Insterburg Festival 2008
Europe

In 1336, after the Prussian Crusade, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights Dietrich von Altenburg founded a castle called Instierburg at the site of a former Old Prussian fortification. During their campaign against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the place was devastated in 1376 and again by Polish troops in 1457. The castle had been rebuilt as the seat of a Procurator and a settlement grew up to serve it, also called Insterburg.

When Albert of Brandenburg-Ansbach in 1525 securalized the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights, Insterburg became part of the Duchy of Prussia and was granted town privileges on 10 October 1583 by the Prussian regent Margrave George Frederick. The town became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701. Because the area had been depopulated by plague in the early 18th century, King Frederick William I of Prussia invited Protestant refugees who had been expelled from the Archbishopric of Salzburg to settle in Insterburg in 1732.

During World War II, Insterburg was heavily bombed by the British Royal Air Force on 27 July 1944. The town was stormed by Red Army troops on January 21–22, 1945. With the northern part of East Prussia, Insterburg was transferred from Germany to the Soviet Union after the war according to the Potsdam Conference. Its German population was either evacuated or expelled and replaced with Russians. In 1946 Insterburg was renamed Chernyakhovsk in honor of the Soviet World War II General of the army Ivan Chernyakhovsky, who was killed in the Battle of Königsberg.

The festival Insterfest took place at the old castle of Isterburg during summer 2008. Many guests - musicians, painters, photographers, scientists from several countries get toghether to give new life to the walls of this old castle. With the efforts of enthousiasts castle is renovating, and some of it`s facilities are already in use by it`s habitants - team of russian archeologists, historicals and artists.

Copyright: Vladimir Georgievskiy
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6320x3160
Taken: 24/04/2009
Uploaded: 02/05/2009
Updated: 01/03/2015
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Tags: insterburg; koenigsberg; prussia; russia; castle; festival; 3doptima
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