Institutul Naţional de Statistică
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Panoramic photo by Matthias Kunze EXPERT Taken 19:17, 16/08/2011 - Views loading...

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Institutul Naţional de Statistică

The World > Europe > Romania > Bucharest

Tags: bukarest

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The Romanian National Institute of Statistics is responsible for - well, you already guessed it - collecting national statistics. It was established on July 12, 1859.

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Nearby images in Bucharest

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A: Palace of the Parliament

by Andrei Zdetoveţchi, 290 meters away

Front view of the Palace of the Parliament The Palace of the Parliament (Romanian: Palatul Parlamentu...

Palace of the Parliament

B: Palatul Parlamentului

by Matthias Kunze, 290 meters away

Palatul Parlamentului (the palace of the parliament) was previously known as Casa Poporului (the peop...

Palatul Parlamentului

D: The romanian Parliament at night

by Michael Pop, 310 meters away

The Romanian Parliament Palace in Bucharest at night, which is the world's second largest building af...

The romanian Parliament at night

E: Bucharest Dambovita Bridge

by Adi Mera, 310 meters away

Bucharest Dambovita Bridge

F: United Nations Square

by Andrei Zdetoveţchi, 350 meters away

United Nations Square (Piata Natiunile Unite), is located on a bridge over the Dimbovita river, where...

United Nations Square

G: The Romanian Parliament

by Michael Pop, 360 meters away

The Romanian Parliament

H: Union Bulevard

by T. Emrich, 360 meters away

Union Bulevard

I: Piața Națiunilor Unite

by Matthias Kunze, 360 meters away

Piața Națiunilor Unite

J: Holocaust Memorial Keystone

by Andrei Zdetoveţchi, 380 meters away

On October 9, 2006, a ceremony took place for setting the keystone of the National Holocaust Memorial...

Holocaust Memorial Keystone

This panorama was taken in Bucharest

This is an overview of Bucharest

Overview and History

Bucharest, Romania was first mentioned in written history around 1459 AD. Since then it has gradually grown in influence, becoming the capital of Romania in 1862 and even earning the title "Paris of the East" for its cultural magnetism.

The city has a population of about two million people and makes up one of the main industrial centers of eastern europe.

The origin of the name Bucharest comes from the legendary outlaw and prince Bucur. Linguistic roots from Albanian and Thracian languages connect that name to words like "beautiful", "glad" and "joyous."

Bucharest was home to Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler in the 15th century. The city was burned down by the Ottomans in the early 17th century, rebuilt, and ravaged by the Plague over the next two hundred years. Battles between the Ottoman empire and the Austrian Hapsburgs saw Bucharest occupied by Austria and also Russia in the eighteenth century.

In 1861 Wallachia and Moldova were united to form the Principality of Romania with Bucharest as its capital. This new region was occupied by Germany during World War One and saw heavy Allied bombing in World War Two. In the middle of the war, Romania joined the Russian side against Germany, and was bombed again, ths time by the Luftwaffe.

Following the wars, Romania was under Communist leadership by Nicolae Ceausescu. His tenure came with the construction of many large Soviet-style buildings which took over the historic districts of the city. He was overthrown in the 1989 revolution.

The 1991 Constitution established Romania as a republic with a multi-party system, market economy and individual rights of free speech, religion and private ownership.

Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007.

Getting There

You'll be flying into Henry Coanda International Bucharest Airport, the biggest airport in Romania. Henry Coanda built the world's first jet powered aircraft, did you know that?

The airport is 16km north of the city and connects by bus, taxi and a shuttle bus to the Gara de Nord, Bucharest's main train station.

Transportation

Bucharest has an extensive public transportation system, one of the largest in Europe. There's a Metro along with buses, minibuses, trams, trolleybuses and light rail. They have limited the number of taxi licenses to ten thousand to keep down the traffic problems.

The main train station is called the Gare de Nord and it connects to all the cities in Romania as well as Belgrade, Budapest, Vinena, Prague and Moscow. The commuter rail line is currently being extended to unite it with surrounding counties.

People and Culture

The currency is the Romanian Leu (RON) which exchanges at about 4.3 RON to the Euro at the time of this writing.

The first known art in Romania dates to 10,000 BC as cave paintings in northwest Transylvania. Pottery from the Neolithic Age (4000 BC) has been found widely, all around the country. Around 2000 BC there was a distinct group of Thracian people here, whom the Greeks referred to as "Getae". The Romans called them "Dacians" and Herotodus described them as ""the fairest and most courageous of men," because they believed in the immortality of the soul and were not afraid to die.

Things to do, Recommendations

Rumor has it that Romania sits on one of the world's strongest magnetic lines, and these are responsible for attracting psychics and... wait for it... VAMPIRES to the area!!!

Many "dracula" tours take place in Romania, including such places as Sighisoara, the Snagoc Monastery, Castle Bran and of course, Curtea Domneasca. These sites are all related to the life of Vlad Tepes, the legendary Count Dracula.

Apart from that, Bucharest is known for its large neoclassical buildings and fashionable parks (in their day). Visit Cismigiu Park, Calea Victoriei street and the Royal Palace for a taste of the architectural history.

Text by Steve Smith.

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