Jewish cemetery. Jelgava, Latvia
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Panoramic photo by Igors Jefimovs EXPERT Taken 16:29, 18/08/2013 - Views loading...

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Jewish cemetery. Jelgava, Latvia

The World > Europe > Latvia

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The cemetery was founded in 1729 (according to other data it happened in 1710). Later, in 1825 (1826) cemetery was expanded. During Jelgava massacres on July and August 1941 that took place recently after German invasion to USSR, all of Jewish population of Jelgava was killed (just 21 person survived) and the cemetery was abandoned. Later, in 1942, the Nazis removed and sold all tombstones and leveled the cemetery grounds. In early 90's Jewish community of Jelgava and city council erected the memorial stone to the Holocaust victims.

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Nearby images in Latvia

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A: Park near Train station. Jelgava, Latvia

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B: Jelgava St. John Evangelic Lutheran Church

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Fiew from Lielupe promenade. Jelgava, Latvia

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I: Jelgava Palace Park (1)

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J: Jelgava Palace Park

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This panorama was taken in Latvia, Europe

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The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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