Jezzar Pasha Mosque backyad, Akko (Acre), Israel
According to the text in Arabic engraved over the doorway, the mosque was consecrated in the year 1196 of the Hegira, which corresponds to the year 1781/82 CE, i.e. in the early years of the rule of Al Jazzar Pasha in Acre.
The Mosque of Ahmed Jazzar was built on ruins of the Cathedral of the Holy Cross. The Mosque is named after the ruler Al Jazzar, which means butcher, because of his extreme cruelty. Today the mosque is known as Jama El Basha (Mosque of the Pasha). The columns creating the porch around the courtyard were looted from Caesarea; the rooms were intended for students and pilgrims. Below are large faults, the basement of the Crusader church of St John.
The mosque is the most beautiful in the Galilee, decorated with blue and brown murals inside, it has wall-to-wall Persian carpeting. A box in the fenced-off area upstairs contains hairs of beard of Prophet Mohammed, shown to public only on 27th day of the month Ramadan.
At the entrance is a twin domed building, holding the tombs of Al Jazzar (†1804) and his adopted son and successor Suleiman Pasha (†1819).
According to the text in Arabic engraved over the doorway, the mosque was consecrated in the year 119...
Ahmed al Jezzar ("the Butcher") Pasha was the Ottoman-Turkish governor of Akko during the late 1700s,...
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Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.
The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.
Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!
When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.
Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.
Text by Steve Smith.