John Rae, Stromness Museum, Stromness...
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Panoramic photo by John Leith EXPERT Taken 12:55, 03/11/2011 - Views loading...


John Rae, Stromness Museum, Stromness, Orkney

The World > Europe > Scotland

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It this part of the Stromness Museum there is a display dedicated to John Rae who was an Arctic Explorer in Canada. He was sent out to find the fate of the Franklin expedition. The news he brought back was that they had resorted to canabalism near the end and so Franklins widow set about ruining his reputation to preserve her husbands reputation.

John Rae also found the last link in the Northwest passage which allowed ships to navigate to the north of Canada in the summer months.

Another display in this part of the museum is dedicated to the Orkney author George Mackay Brown.

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This panorama was taken in Scotland, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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