The Kaunas State Drama Theatre has every right to be proud that it has originated the tradition of professional theatre in Lithuania. Its beginnings date back to the Drama and Opera playhouses established in the 1920-ies by the Lithuanian Artists' Association. The birth of the Kaunas Drama Theatre was marked by the production of Hermann Sudermann's "St. John's Day", which was directed by Juozas Vaičkus and opened on December 19, 1920 in the former Russian City Theatre (now the Kaunas State Music Theatre). It was the first and only professional theatre in the country before its Šiauliai branch was set up in 1931.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.