King Oscar II Chapel
After the border was agreed upon in 1826, there were often disputes between Norwegian and Russian fishermen. The district administrator of Finnmark asked several times to have a gunboat placed at the river mouth. A Norwegian marine officer suggested that they should rather build a church as a cultural border defence to the east.
In 1869 the chapel was consecrated. King Oscar visited the chapel in 1873, and asked to have his name linked to it. The Lighthouse Service (Fyr- og merkevesenet) whitewashed the chapel in 1883, but it got its original appearance back for its 100th anniversary in 1969.
A walk around the cemetery shows that people from several cultures met here. There are Russians, Sami, Finnish and Norwegian names on the gravestones. Some of the crosses are Russian orthodox, but most of them are Lutheran.
Marina in Kirkenes
ATV Can-am test drive
ATV Can-am test-drive
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.