Knossos Palace part 3, Crete, Greece
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Panoramic photo by Ildar Gabdrakhmanov EXPERT Taken 09:00, 11/06/2009 - Views loading...

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Knossos Palace part 3, Crete, Greece

The World > Europe > Greece

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Knossos (alternative spellings Knossus, Cnossus, Greek Κνωσός pronounced), also known as Labyrinth, or Knossos Palace, is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and probably the ceremonial and political center of the Minoan civilization and culture. It is also a tourist destination today, as it is near the main city of Heraklion and has been substantially, if imaginatively "restored", making the site more comprehensible to the visitor than a field of unmarked ruins.

The city of Knossos remained important through the Classical and Roman periods, but its population shifted to the new town of Handaq (modern Heraklion) during the 9th century AD. By the 13th century, it was called Makryteikhos 'Long Wall'; the bishops of Gortyn continued to call themselves Bishops of Knossos until the 19th century. Today, the name is used only for the archaeological site situated in the suburbs of Heraklion.

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A: Knossos 1

by Hendrik Henschel, 20 meters away

Knossos 1

B: Minoan Palace Knossos Crete Greece

by Vasilis Triantafyllou, 20 meters away

Minoan Palace Knossos Crete Greece

C: Knossos Palace Amphora Crete Greece

by Vasilis Triantafyllou, 30 meters away

Knossos Palace Amphora Crete Greece

D: Knossos Minoan Palace Site Crete Greece

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E: Knossos 2

by Hendrik Henschel, 50 meters away

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F: Knossos

by Hendrik Henschel, 50 meters away

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H: Knossos Palace, Crete, Greece

by Ildar Gabdrakhmanov, 60 meters away

Knossos (alternative spellings Knossus, Cnossus, Greek ????ό? pronounced), also known as Labyrinth, o...

Knossos Palace, Crete, Greece

I: Knossos Palace part 2, Crete, Greece

by Ildar Gabdrakhmanov, 70 meters away

Knossos (alternative spellings Knossus, Cnossus, Greek ????ό? pronounced), also known as Labyrinth, o...

Knossos Palace part 2, Crete, Greece

J: Knossos 3

by Hendrik Henschel, 80 meters away

Knossos 3

This panorama was taken in Greece, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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