St. Mary's Basilica
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Panoramic photo by Jeffrey Martin PRO EXPERT MAESTRO Taken 16:14, 24/02/2009 - Views loading...

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St. Mary's Basilica

The World > Europe > Poland > Krakow

Tags: church

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St. Mary's Basilica (Polish: Kościół Mariacki), is a Brick Gothic church built in the 14th century, adjacent to the Main Market Square in Kraków, Poland. Standing 80m (262ft) tall, it is particularly famous for its wooden altarpiece carved by Veit Stoss (Wit Stwosz).

On every hour, a trumpet signal — called the heynal (hejnał) — is played from the top of the taller of St. Mary's two towers. The plaintive tune breaks off in mid-stream, to commemorate the famous 13th century trumpeter, who was shot in the throat while sounding the alarm before the Mongol attack on the city. The noon-time hejnał is heard across Poland and abroad broadcast live by the Polish national Radio 1 Station. From wikipedia

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Nearby images in Krakow

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A: St. Mary's Basilica - nave, Kraków

by Kamil Kurowski, 20 meters away

St. Mary's Basilica - nave, Kraków

B: Krakow Market Square Church

by Jeffrey Martin, 30 meters away

Krakow Market Square Church

C: Town Hall Tower

by Grzegorz Rogala, 40 meters away

Handheld HDR panorama of Kraków's Town Hall Tower.

Town Hall Tower

D: Plac Mariacki

by Maciej G. Szling, 40 meters away

Plac Mariacki

E: Plac Mariacki

by Karol Kwiatek, 40 meters away

Plac Mariacki

F: Cracow - St. Mary's Basilica

by maciek mucha, 40 meters away

Cracow - St. Mary's Basilica

G: St. Mary's Basilica - presbytery, Kraków

by Kamil Kurowski, 50 meters away

St. Mary's Basilica - presbytery, Kraków

H: Kraków bazylika

by Maciej G. Szling, 50 meters away

Kraków bazylika

I: Large square by night (1 of 4)

by Jan Mulder, 60 meters away

Photo's taken on December 29, 2012.

Large square by night (1 of 4)

J: Rynek Glowny 1

by Karol Kwiatek, 60 meters away

Rynek Glowny 1

This panorama was taken in Krakow, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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