The medieval town of Zvornik called "Djurdjevgrad or Kula Grad" is an exceptional tourist potential with priceless archaeological value, which was first mentioned in archeological documents as a property of Bosnian medieval feudal family Zlatonosovic in 1410. It was probably built in 12th century and this is one of the largest medieval fortresses in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The fortress was built in inaccessible terraine mountain range Mladjevac, where the Drina River exits from the gorge and enters to the fertile plains. The civilian settlement Zvonik, which was later changed its name to Zvornik, was developed below fortress and beside left bank of The Drina River. The fort was defended the road that led from Serbia to Bosnia (Sarajevo, Dubrovnik, Tuzla and Srebrenica), and control the communication which was on the left side of the Drina River and led to Srem. The fort consists of three parts: the lower town, medium town and the upper town with a range of 150m to 450m above sea level and these three parts are connected by a stone wall. The fortress was adapted and used during The Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian reign, as well as in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, when it served as barracks.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.