0 Likes

Lapus River at Coruia, Romania
Transsylvania
Copyright: Marin giurgiu
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 7200x3600
Uploaded: 16/11/2012
Updated: 29/08/2014
Views:

...


Tags: river; landscape
comments powered by Disqus

Marin Giurgiu
„Adormirea Maicii Domnului” (Assumption) church, Coruia, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„St. Ana” wooden church (1874) after restoration, Coruia
Marin Giurgiu
„St. Ana” wooden church (1874), Coruia, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„St. Ana” wooden church (1874) side view, Coruia, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„Adormirea Maicii Domnului” (Assumption) church, Coruia, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„Dormition of Mother of God” Wooden Church 1442, Sacalaseni, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„Nasterea Maicii Domnului” (Virgin Birth) church 1824, Chechis
Marin Giurgiu
„Sfintii Apostoli Petru si Pavel” (Holy Apostles Peter and Paul) church, Sacalaseni, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„Adormirea Maicii Domnului” (Assumption) wooden church 1646, Culcea, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„Sfanta Treime” (Holy Trinity) Church, Coas, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„St Archangels” Church (1730) side view 2, Coas, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„St Archangels” Church (1730), Coas, Romania
Kudo Kenji Photograph
白川温泉 竹ふえ 竹林の湯 Takefue Bamboo Forest Bath 1
B. Hamann
Green airglow and lightpollution over Roque de los Muchachos
Victorina
Trees on the slope of mountain Pyhä in winter
bibouroku tabito
洞慶院の紅葉(3)
Jörgen Tannerstedt
Milky way from southern Oland
Ivan Miladinov
Kobilini steni - 360 panorama
Ferda Dogancoskun
Mimar Sinan Mosque - İstanbul / TURKEY - www.sanalgezinti.com
Salma ElDardiry
Philea Sunset
Chaiyot Kosuwanpipat
Morning at Kho Sichang
Luis Erantzcani
Sunrise at "Poza Azul", Cuatro Ciénagas
Amin Abedini
Karim-khan Farash (Sedgh-Amiz) Historical House
Jaime Brotons
Palos Cape, Spain
Marin Giurgiu
„Holy Archangels” wooden church 1671, the narthex, Libotin
Marin Giurgiu
„Sfintii Arhangheli” (Holy Archangels) church, UNESCO monument, 1663, Rogoz, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„St. Ana” wooden church (1874), Coruia, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„St Mihail si Gavril” (St Michael and Gabriel) Church (1874), Buteasa, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
Calvinist Reformed Church - interior, Coltau, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
Road, Aspra, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
Danube river, Braila, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
„St Archangels” Wooden Church (1721), UNESCO monument, spring view, Surdesti, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
On the top
Marin Giurgiu
Lacul Rosu (Red Lake), Harghita, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
Early spring, Surdesti, Romania
Marin Giurgiu
Cavnic River at Fauresti, Romania
More About Transsylvania

Transylvania (Romanian: Ardeal or Transilvania; Hungarian: Erdély; German: De-Siebenbürgen.ogg Siebenbürgen (help·info), see also other denominations) is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains; however, the term frequently encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crişana, Maramureş, and (Romanian) Banat.Transylvania was once the nucleus of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC–106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory and after that its wealth was systematically exploited. After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of tribes, which subjected it to various influences. During this time areas of it were under the control of the Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and Bulgars. Thereafter the Romanized Dacian inhabitants either moved into the mountains and preserved their culture or migrated southward. It is likely that elements of the mixed Daco–Roman population held out in Transylvania.[1] There is an ongoing scholarly debate over the population of Transylvania before the Hungarian conquest[2] (see Origin of the Romanians).The Magyars conquered the area at the end of the 9th century and firmly established their control over it in 1003, when their king Stephen I, according to legend, defeated the native prince entitled or named Gyula.[3][4][5][6] Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a voivod appointed by the Hungarian King. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 Transylvania became effectively an independent principality ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes. Afterward, in 1566, Hungary was divided between the Habsburgs and the Turks, with the Transylvanian principality maintaining autonomy as an Ottoman subject.The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The Habsburgs, however, recognized the Hungarian sovereignty over Transylvania,[1][dubious – discuss] while the Transylvanians recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I (1687), and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire, separated in all but name[7][8] from Habsburg controlled Hungary[9][10][11] and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor’s governors.[12] In 1699 the Turks legally conceded their loss of Transylvania in the Treaty of Karlowitz; however, anti-Habsburg elements within the principality only submitted to the emperor in the 1711 Peace of Szatmár. After the Ausgleich of 1867 the region was fully reabsorbed into Hungary [4][6] as a part of the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire.Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary began to disintegrate. The ethnic Romanian majority elected representatives, who then proclaimed union with Romania on December 1, 1918. In 1920, the Allies confirmed the union in the Treaty of Trianon. Hungary protested against the detach, as over 1,600,000 Hungarian people[13] were living in the area in question, mainly in Szekler Land of Eastern Transylvania, and along the newly created border, which was drawn through areas with Hungarian majority. In August 1940, in the midst of World War II, Hungary regained about 40% of Transylvania by the Vienna Award, with the aid of Germany and Italy. The territory, however, reverted to Romania in 1945; this was confirmed in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties[4].In distant regions, Transylvania is also often associated with Dracula[14][15][16] (Bram Stoker's novel and its film adaptations), and the horror genre in general, while in countries of Central and Eastern Europe the region is known for the scenic beauty of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.