0 Likes

Leirhnjúkur crater row in Krafla caldera
Iceland

The Leirhnjúkur area is a central volcano in Krafla caldera. One hundred thousand years ago, there was a volcanic cone here that caved in after erupting. The caldera thus formed is now filled with younger volcanic material. Below at a depth of about 3 km, however, is a magma chamber. Volcanic activity in the area occurs at intervals of several centuries.

The Mývatnseldar eruptions (the “Mývatn fires”) in 1724 began with a great volcanic explosion which formed the crater Stóra - Víti. In the following years, a series of earthquakes and eruptions occurred in the vicinity of Mt. Krafla. The greatest eruption took place in 1729, when lava flowed from Leirhnjúkur down to Mývatn lake. Eldhraun, the lava field formed during the eruptions. A new series of eruptions (the "Krafla-fires") began in Krafla in 1975, after anintermission of about 250 years. In the following nine years, nine eruptions occurred.

With a good eyes you can see the last fissure from which lava poured out. It is dotted with small fractures from which steam rises to the sky. Best view is from rim of a small crater near the walking path though it is prohibited to climb on it.

Copyright: Jakub Hruska
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 9796x4898
Uploaded: 07/12/2008
Updated: 02/10/2014
Views:

...


Tags: krafla; iceland; volcano; desert; lava; field; steam
comments powered by Disqus

Jan Vrsinsky
Inside The Krafla Caldera Crater from 1984
Jan Vrsinsky
Walking Around The Krafla Caldera Lava Field
Jan Vrsinsky
Krafla Fissure Eruption Lava Flows from 1977-1984
Jan Vrsinsky
Fissure Swarms Krafla Caldera
Jordi Porteros
Viti - Inside the volcano
Jürgen Matern
Standing at Víti crater lake near Krafla vulcano (Iceland).
Henk Keijzer
2014-08-13 At the edge of the Viti crater in Krafla, Iceland
Jakub Hruska
Inside Krafla caldera
Jürgen Matern
Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)
Jürgen Matern
Fumarole at Hverarönð geothermal area (Iceland)
Marek Koszorek
Steam Vents Hverarond
Marek Koszorek
Hverarond Geothermal Area
Carsten Arenz
Bryce Canyon - Navajo Loop Trail 02
kiyoharu takamura
Automatic playing pipe organ hall
Marcio Cabral
Magical Autumn
Carsten Arenz
Arches National Park - Sand Dune Arch 02
Valentin Matache
Adventure Of The Seas - Top Deck
Matt Mascheri
Chicago Bulls Light Show at the United Center
Henk Keijzer
2014-05-06 Unobstructed view from the Oriental Pearl Tower, Shanghai, China
Paul Linden
500 x Charlemagne on the Katschhof 01
stylianos kanakaris
old stone bridge Misiou
luis davilla
neocave of altamira in santillana del mar, spain
John Roberts
Castle Rock CG, Fremont Indian State Park, Utah, USA
Christian Kleiman
Museo arqueológico al aire libre La Villa Romana Albir - Habitación Caliente - 13
Jakub Hruska
Under the Paint Mill 'De Kat'
Jakub Hruska
Basilica of St. Nazaire and St. Celse in Carcassonne
Jakub Hruska
Instalation of waterproofing system in the south tunnel tube of City Circle Road
Jakub Hruska
Basilica of St. Nazaire and St. Celse in Carcassonne
Jakub Hruska
Telč gardens
Jakub Hruska
Basilica of St. Nazaire and St. Celse in Carcassonne 2
Jakub Hruska
Inside Krafla caldera
Jakub Hruska
Oude Hoogstraat
Jakub Hruska
Oil Mill 'De Bonte Hen'
Jakub Hruska
Tchaj-ti training
Jakub Hruska
Narbonne cathedral
Jakub Hruska
The Rothmayer Hall
More About Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.