The oldest city in the Ivanovo area. Jurevts it is based in 1225 by the Vladimir prince Jury II as Jurev-Povolsky. In 1237 has been destroyed by army Batyja. Based for protection of the Central and Northern Russia against attacks of nomads, later has turned to the important trading knot. The status of a city since 1778. For city merits before the country Catherine II has welcomed Jurevets the nominal arms: in spite of the fact that it not the provincial centre, on a heraldic board is only a city symbol, without the provincial arms. The arms of Jurevtsa — on a blue field — a silver watchtower. In 1954-57 the Gorki water basin has been filled. Unlike many other settlements which have been flooded by the Volga water basins, centre Jurevtsa has been protected by a dam. At a normal water level in a water basin, the old part of Jurevtsa is on one and a half metre below a water basin surface
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.