Manneken Pis en la Fiesta Nacional de...
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Panoramic photo by Fernando Cifuentes Duque EXPERT Taken 14:55, 21/07/2013 - Views loading...

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Manneken Pis en la Fiesta Nacional de Belgica (21-07-2013)

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MANNEKEN PIS

Coordenadas: 50°50′42″N 4°21′00″E (mapa)
Autor     Jerome Duquesnoy
Creación
1388: versión original
1619: actual versión
Material     Bronce
Dimensiones     61 cm

El Manneken Pis (en dialecto bruselense Menneke Pis, ‘niño que mea’) es una estatua de bronce de 61 centímetros situada en el centro

histórico de Bruselas (Bélgica). Representa a un niño pequeño desnudo orinando dentro del cuenco de la fuente. Junto con el Atomium y

la Grand Place es uno de los símbolos de la ciudad y una de sus atracciones turísticas principales, simbolizando el espíritu

independiente de sus habitantes.

Había ya una estatua parecida de piedra a mediados del siglo XV, quizás ya desde 1388 (fecha de la primera mención hallada en los

archivos de la catedral de Santa Gúdula), que fue robada en varias ocasiones. En 1619 fue reemplazada por una estatuilla de bronce

hecha por el escultor barroco franco -flamenco Jérôme Duquesnoy el Viejo, que la situó sobre una columna de seis pies tallada por

Daniel Raessens, siendo sustituida por el actual nicho en estilo rococó, en 1770. Los bruselenses protegieron la estatuilla durante el

asedio y bombardeo de la ciudad por los franceses en 1695. Una inscripción quedó escrita bajo la estatua después del asalto francés:

In petra exaltavit me, et nunc exaltavi caput meum super inimicos meos (El Señor me levantó sobre una roca, y ahora elevo mi cabeza

sobre mis enemigos). La estatua actual es una reproducción de la original, que unos vándalos robaron allá por los años 1960, siendo

objeto de noticias de prensa que contribuyeron a dar a la estatua y al monumento cierta fama internacional. Recuperado algún tiempo

después el original dando lugar a una nueva información mediática, por fin se depositó junto a otra copia de bronce dorado del siglo

XVII en el Musée de la Ville de Bruselas.

Leyendas

Tras esta estatua, existen varias leyendas:

* En 1142, las tropas del pequeño duque Godofredo III de Lovaina se dirigían a la batalla contra los Berthout (señores de Grimbergen)

en la actual Neder-over-Heembeek. Las tropas decidieron colgar al pequeño de dos años en una cesta y colgarlo de un árbol para que se

animara y desde allí orinó sobre las tropas enemigas, que terminaron perdiendo la batalla.
* En el siglo XIV, Bruselas llevaba bastante tiempo sitiada por una potencia extranjera. Los atacantes idearon un plan para colocar

cargas explosivas en las murallas y sucedió algo inaudito: Un niño llamado Juliaanske les estaba espiando y salvó a su ciudad porque

orinó sobre la mecha encendida.
* La historia que más cuentan a los turistas es la siguiente: Un rico comerciante que visitaba la ciudad en familia perdió a su hijo

pequeño y se organizaron unos grupos de búsqueda. El niño fue encontrado riendo y orinando en un pequeño jardín, por lo que el padre

decidió ayudar a la construcción de una fuente. Una fuente que tiene a su hijo orinando en la parte superior.
* Una madre perdió a su hijo pequeño y, presa del pánico, pidió ayuda para encontrarlo. El niño fue encontrado finalmente orinando en

una esquina de una pequeña calle.

Disfraces

Para vestir la estatua se dispone de una variada colección de disfraces que se utilizan en diversas ocasiones de acuerdo con un

programa gestionado por la asociación sin ánimo de lucro Amigos del Manneken Pis. Ello da lugar a ceremonias que suelen ir acompañadas

por una banda de música. Cuando se conecta de nuevo el chorro del Manneken una vez vestido, puede producirse un exceso de presión

provocado por la abstinencia, de modo que llega a salpicar a los espectadores, ante el disfrute general.

Es tradicional disfrazar a la estatua, en ocasiones especiales, ya sea para honrar a una determinada profesión o en alguna efeméride

señalada. El vestuario actual incluye más de 800 trajes, que en su mayoría se conservan en el Musée de la Ville de Bruselas, ubicado

en la Casa del Rey en la Grand Place.

Otros líquidos

Antiguamente, el chorro de agua del Manneken Pis era sustituido con motivo de las fiestas por brebajes menos transparentes (hidromiel

o vino). En 1890, durante las grandes fiestas bruselenses que se desarrollaron durante dos días, el Manneken orinó vino y lambic

(cerveza bruselense).

Estatuas parecidas y reproducciones

Existen estatuas parecidas en las ciudades belgas de Geraardsbergen, Broksele y Hasselt. Hay una disputa sin resolver acerca de cuál

es el Manneken Pis más antiguo: el de Bruselas o el de Geraardsbergen. Desde mediados de los años 1990, el Manneken tiene una

equivalente femenina, la Jeanneke Pis.

En algunos países es frecuente decorar piscinas y fuentes con copias de bronce o fibra de vidrio del Manneken Pis. Un suvenir popular

de Bruselas son miniaturas en chocolate o metal, incluyendo una variante más arriesgada como sacacorchos. También se venden

reproducciones de la estatua en las que sale un chorro de licor impulsado por una pequeña bomba accionada por un motor eléctrico.

Texto extraido de Wikipedia en la direccion http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manneken_Pis

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Nearby images in Brussels

map

A: Manneken Pis

by Emile Duijker, less than 10 meters away

Manneken Pis

B: Manneken Pis (Little Man Piss) in Brussels

by Zoltan Duray, less than 10 meters away

Manneken Pis (Little Man Piss) in Brussels

C: Belgium: Église Notre-Dame-du-Bon-Secours, Brussels

by Steve Vogel, 180 meters away

The Église Notre-Dame du Bon Secours (The Church of Our Lady of Assistance) was once a modest 12th ce...

Belgium: Église Notre-Dame-du-Bon-Secours, Brussels

D: Goupil Le Fol, Rue de la Violette, Brussels, Belgium

by Christopher O'Grady, 180 meters away

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Goupil Le Fol, Rue de la Violette, Brussels, Belgium

E: Boda española en Bruselas: Inma y Esteban

by Fernando Cifuentes Duque, 220 meters away

Boda española en Bruselas: Inma y Esteban

F: Monumento a Charles Buls, el salvador de la Grand Place

by Fernando Cifuentes Duque, 230 meters away

Monumento a Charles Buls Bruselas: el salvador de la Grand PlaceEste monumento suele pasar desapercib...

Monumento a Charles Buls, el salvador de la Grand Place

G: Rue du Marche-aux-fromages / Kaasmarkt

by Robin de Baere, 250 meters away

Strolling and culinary delights in the vicinity of the Grand Place...

Rue du Marche-aux-fromages / Kaasmarkt

H: Good morning by Grand Place in Brussels

by Zoltan Duray, 260 meters away

Good morning by Grand Place in Brussels

I: Grand Place de Bruselas

by Fernando Cifuentes Duque, 260 meters away

GRAND PLACE DE BRUSELASCoordenadas     50.8467, 4.3525País     BélgicaTipo     CulturalCriterios     ...

Grand Place de Bruselas

This panorama was taken in Brussels

This is an overview of Brussels

Overview and History

Brussels traces its origin back more than fourteen centuries, to 580 A.D. We modern folks have derived the name from "Broekzele", which means "marshland", specifically, the marshy land on the island in the river Seine where Brussels started.

The origin of Brussels finds its root in Saint Gorik, who dedicated a chapel here after a harrowing escape through the Forest of Soignes and all its myriad terrors.

Early rulers of the area now known as Belgium included Frankish, Merovingian and Carolingian kings (hello ghost of Charlemagne).

Brussels grew in size and stature during the medieval period, boosted by its becoming the capital of Burgundy. Economic growth came with the production of luxury goods, especially fabrics. This period saw vast social iniquity and the corresponding attempts at revolution which were temporarily unsuccessful, yet nonetheless pernicious for the foreign rulers.

Brussels was annexed by marriage into the Austro-Hungarian empire at the end of the fifteenth century, and was restored as capital of the Holy Roman Empire by Charles V, who was a native. This attracted much immigration and began building the reputation of Brussels as a place of intellectual tolerance, business and international culture.

Louis XIV, that old rapscallion, saw fit to raid and destroy Brussels in the year 1695 A.D. As with everything Louis XIV did, the results were massive, grandiose and embellished to the nth degree, in this case in terms of catastrophic destruction. Brussels remained embroiled in political struggle for the next century, as the populace seethed under Austrian rule.

In 1830, inspired by the French Revolution, the people finally achieved successful revolution against Dutch emperor William I, and crowned Leopold I as the first king over the new sovereign territory of Belgium.

With this, the former city walls were demolished and a period of intensive reconstruction began with a vengeance. This culminated in the Art Nouveau movement which flourished until being cut short by German occupation in World War I. As usual, due to its central location the neutral Brussels was immersed in other people's wars.

After World War II, Belgium was formally divided into two provinces. Flanders in the south and Wallonia in the north correspond to France and the Netherlands. The country remains divided culturally, with agriculture found in the northern regions and industry in the south, as well as a Dutch/ French language symbiosis (to put it nicely).

Brussels is now the capital city of the European Union and headquarters of NATO, an organization which may or may not end up preserving life on earth for humans and other semi-violent organisms.

Getting There

The Brussels Airport was awarded "best airport in Europe" in 2005. It offers all the usual modes of transportation, so take your pick from the list here and marvel at the wonders of the wheel and axle.

The trip into town from the airport takes about forty minutes by bus, and the cost ranges from two two seven euros. The trip by train only takes twenty minutes at three euros, which is approximately six minutes per euro although you can't buy distance by the minute, of course, since jumping off of moving trains tends to be illegal and dangerous.

In a taxi you will spend roughly thirty euros for the half hour ride to the city center.

Transportation

The automobile accident rate in Belgium is higher than most other countries in Europe. Here in Brussels there were no driver's licenses required until the early 1960's, so watch out when you're driving!

Better yet, make use of the excellent public transportation system. After the airport trains, you can get around by metro, tram or bus, and enjoy street signs in both French and Dutch (Flemish).

The metro is sort of like the system in Berlin, you've got a basic oval running around the city and then one line bisecting it from east to west to go through the middle. Here's a metro map you can zoom in on and find all sort of neat stuff, not unlike a panorama. Except it's flat on the inside, whoa!

Single fare is 1.6EUR, a three day pass will cost 9.2EUR, or you can get a 10-ride pass for 11.2EUR. Don't forget to punch your card in the orange machine, and as usual, look around in the stations -- there may be some excellent artwork lurking about waiting for your hungry digi-eye to notice and capture for facebook portraits later.

People and Culture

Belgian wheat with lemon (you know Hoegaarden already, come on). Something about monks. Goudenband brown. Lambics of all fruited flavors... Red Rodenbach, Golden Duvel, Kriek, all served in their own special glasses specific for that beer and no other!

Try to take notes or at least pictures of these beers and glasses while you're here because you may come out fuzzy on the details of what happened between lunch, a midafternoon refresher, dinner, and then an evening toasting the suds of variegated flavors... if beers were people, this would be where you earn your anthropological masters degree. Were we talking about culture?

Things to do & Recommendations

Brussels was one of the main centers of the Art Nouveau movement and this legacy is blasting forth from its walls like a loudspeaker on the wall of a fire station. For Art Nouveau museums, you can start at the Clockarium Museum, then move on to the Center for Fine Arts, and the Museum of Musical Instruments. Remember, the saxophone was invented in Belgium.

Speaking of jazz, look for the Brussels Boogie Festival and prepare to be scared to death by how fast these guys can play.

Brussels has jazz, rock, reggae and everything else you can think of in the music world. Click here for the larger performance halls, here for Soixante dance club, or here for a list of venues where you can delve into more detail.

We will not attempt to condense the dining options of Brussels into such a small space, any more than we would locate a giant squid in a goldfish bowl and call it chicken soup.

To begin your adventure in gastronomical distress fueled by ample alcohol fizzing its way through your delighted guts, just start at the Grand Palace, one of the most beautiful town squares in Europe. Close your eyes, follow your nose and enjoy!

The above stories and rumors were written by Steve Smith. Please contact me with more information about your area, I'll add it in if I can, thanks!

Text by Steve Smith.

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