Maranjab Desert in sunset
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Panoramic photo by omid jafarnezhad EXPERT Taken 09:52, 27/02/2013 - Views loading...

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Maranjab Desert in sunset

The World > Asia > Middle East > Iran

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کویر مرنجاب یکی از زیباترین نقاط کویری ایران محسوب می شود. تپه های شنی بلند و جنگلهای تاق جلوه زیبایی به این منطقه بخشیده است. دریاچه نمک آران وبیدگل و جزیره سرگردان از دیگر نقاط دیدنی منطقه محسوب می شوند. چاه تاریخی دستکن در قسمت شرق کویر، محل آبشخور شترهای کاروانها بوده است. قلعه مرنجاب، کاروانسرایی است در کویر که در مسیر راه ابریشم قرار دارد و کاروانها برای سفر به خراسان، اصفهان، ری و بالعکس از این مسیر می گذشتند. درباره دلیل ساخت این قلعه و کاروانسرا در کنار دریاچه نمک، نقل است که شاه عباس با وجود ایجاد کاروانسرا و قلعه های متعدد در سراسر کشور، در این منطقه تأسیسات دفاعی تعبیه نکرده بود، چون تا آن زمان دشمنان به خاطر دریاچه نمک و گستره کویر، از این سوی به پایتخت هجوم نبرده بودند. حمله ازبکها و افغانها از طریق دریاچه نمک به کاشان که تا اصفهان پیش رفتند، شاه عباس را به صرافت انداخت تا در سال ۱۰۱۲ قمری سریعاً یک پایگاه نظامی در این منطقه ایجاد کند و جلوی تهدید را بگیرد. بالای کاروانسرا به شکل سنگرهای دیدبانی است و ذکر شده است که همیشه ۵۰۰ پاسدار مسلح در قلعه حضور داشتند و امنیت عبور کالا از چین به اروپا و بالعکس را در این منطقه تأمین می کردند. قنات کنار کاروانسرا که برکه بزرگی به وجود آورده است، آب شیرین دارد و این در کویر نمک و شوره زار یک پدیده بسیار منحصر به فرد است. کاروانسرای مرنجاب در قلب کویر کاروانسرای مرنجاب در موقعیت جغرافیاییٍِ’۷و‏‎‎ ْ۳۴ عرض جغرافیایی و ’۴۸و ‎ْ‏‎۵۱ طول جغرافیایی، در ارتفاع ۸۱۰ متری از سطح دریای آزاد در حاشیه جنوبی دریاچه قم واقع شده است.مرنجاب از دهستان کویرات شهرستان آران و بیدگل و در ۵۰ کیلومتری شمال شرق مرکز این شهرستان قرار دارد.

http://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/%DA%A9%D9%88%DB%8C%D8%B1_%D9%85%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%A8

  • fati360 over 1 year ago
    nice!
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    This panorama was taken in Iran

    This is an overview of Iran

    The Islamic Republic of Iran has been occupied since 4000BCE, making Iran home to the world's oldest continuous civilization.

    It is located in central Eurasia on two ancient trade routes. One runs North-South and connects the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, the other one goes East-West between China, India, Europe and Africa.

    There's a city called Isfahan at the intersection of these two routes, which at one time was the wealthiest city in the world. Isfahan was twice the capital of the Persian Empire, during the Median and then Safavid Dynasties.

    Interesting artifacts from pre-Islamic Persia include the cylinder of Cyrus the Great, which is the world's first written declaration of human rights. The hanging gardens of Babylon (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the Code of Hammurabi (a set of rules which outlast the King) are also on the list.

    The Persian Empire was so magnificent that returning Crusaders carried tales of its splendor and helped spark the Renaissance in Europe! Influence of the Zoroastrian teachings of equality also inspired Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Socrates.

    The Persian Empire was conquered by Muslim Arabs around 650CE during the Sassanid Dynasty. Initially the Zoroastrian, Christian and Jewish faiths were tolerated but by 1000CE most Persians had accepted Islam.

    In the sixteenth century Shi'a Islam was declared in Isfahan to be the national religion of Persia and the second golden age began. From 1500 to 1720 the Safavid Dynasty built the greatest Iranian empire since before the Islamic conquest of Persia.

    Because of its strategic location and oil resources, World War I found Persia in the middle of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire, Russia and the British Empire-via-India. Persia became Iran as of 1935 and was ruled by the Shah, a Persian term for "monarch."

    In the Islamic Revolution of 1979 Iran re-established a theocratic government under the Ayatollah Khomeini.

    Today the capital of Iran is the city of Tehran, and Iran is known as the world's center of Shi'a Islam.

    Text by Steve Smith.

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