These cliffs are likely composed of some of the oldest rock in Nova Scotia. This area of Cape Breton island is known as the Blair River inlier. It's like the bricks of an old house being reused to build another, a bit of old house in the wall of the new. The inlier, up to 1.2 billion years old, is wedged into the younger, but still old rocks of the Appalachian mountain chain. It's thought that these rocks might be the same as the basement rocks in Canada and greater North America, the foundation upon which everything else sits.
Meat Cove Brook empties into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, having carved itself a canyon on its passage down from the Cape Breton Plateau (what's left of the Appalachia here). This is the northernmost settlement in Nova Scotia and surprisingly accessible for such a place of wild beauty.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa, in the province of Ontario. There are offically ten provinces and three territories in Canada, which is the second largest country in the world in terms of land area.While politically and legally an independant nation, the titular head of state for Canada is still Queen Elizabeth.On the east end of Canada, you have Montreal as the bastion of activity. Montreal is famous for two things, VICE magazine and the Montreal Jazz Festival. One is the bible of hipster life (disposable, of course) and the other is a world-famous event that draws more than two million people every summer. Quebec is a French speaking province that has almost seceded from Canada on several occasions, by the way..When you think of Canada, you think of . . . snow, right?But not on the West Coast. In Vancouver, it rains. And you'll find more of the population speaking Mandarin than French (but also Punjabi, Tagalog, Korean, Farsi, German, and much more).Like the other big cities in Canada, Vancouver is vividly multicultural and Vancouverites are very, very serious about their coffee.Your standard Vancouverite can be found attired head-to-toe in Lululemon gear, mainlining Cafe Artigiano Americanos (spot the irony for ten points).But here's a Vancouver secret only the coolest kids know: the best sandwiches in the city aren't found downtown. Actually, they're hidden in Edgemont Village at the foot of Grouse Mountain on the North Shore."It's actually worth coming to Canada for these sandwiches alone." -- Michelle Superle, VancouverText by Steve Smith.