Monitor "Zheleznyakov" (general view)
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Panoramic photo by Malinnikov Ruslan EXPERT Taken 09:07, 17/06/2012 - Views loading...

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Monitor "Zheleznyakov" (general view)

The World > Europe > Ukraine > Kiev

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Monitor "Zheleznyakov" is a huge ship since World War II. The people he was nicknamed as "elusive." Monitor translated to English means "warner". This nizkobortny armored artillery ship. History Monitor "Zheleznyakov" rich and varied. It was built in Kiev's shipyard Lenin's smithy ". This was back in 1936. Metal construction vessel interconnected old-fashioned way, that is riveting. Its name the ship was in honor of Anatol Zheleznyakova - Baltic sailors who took part in the October Revolution of 1917. In 1940, the ship was included in the Danube Flotilla. She was engaged in border patrols along the river banks. On the first day of the Second World War "Zheleznyakov" was shot at the enemy's artillery, and then entered into an unequal battle. Because of the superiority of enemy forces ship with other monitors soon found himself behind enemy lines. However, despite the difficult circumstances: employment coastline and suitable to the end of ammunition, "Zheleznyakov managed to break through the barrage of artillery fire and escape into the open sea. Later the ship was used for the protection of such Ukrainian cities as Nikolayev, Kerch, Ochakov and Kherson. By the autumn of 1941 from the six monitors that are part of the Danube fleet, the current was only "Zheleznyakov. Some time later, he was included in the Azov Flotilla and began to defend Taganrog and Temryuk. In 1943, the ship managed to get into the Kerch Strait, which at that time was occupied by the Germans. Command monitor was decided to take a desperate step. "Zheleznyakov" had to turn off the fairway, approach close to the shore of the enemy, right up to the battery and go on apart minefields. But even here the legendary ship did not disappoint. He managed to break through and swim to Poti. On the Danube, the Southern Bug, Black and Azov Seas, Don, Kuban - 40 thousand miles was a fighting display "Zheleznyakov. In addition, he participated in the liberation actions in Bulgaria, Romania and Yugoslavia. Throughout its history, he destroyed 13 enemy artillery and mortar batteries, 4 infantry battalions, 2 ammunition depot, etc Where would not set off the ship, and no matter how risky were not his actions, "Zheleznyakov" always came back with a victory. That's why the people called him "elusive." In 1965, martial weapons, as well as the hull of the ship were transferred to the plant, where the legendary monitor restored. He was placed on a pedestal in the Dnieper, and more precisely on Rybalsky island. Since that day, "Zheleznyakov" is a memorial ship.

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Nearby images in Kiev

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A: Monitor "Zheleznyakov" (on the mast)

by Malinnikov Ruslan, 10 meters away

Monitor "Zheleznyakov" is a huge ship since World War II. The people he was nicknamed as "elusive." M...

Monitor "Zheleznyakov"  (on the mast)

B: Monitor "Zheleznyakov" (aft)

by Malinnikov Ruslan, 20 meters away

Monitor "Zheleznyakov" is a huge ship since World War II. The people he was nicknamed as "elusive." M...

Monitor "Zheleznyakov" (aft)

C: Abandoned trucks near the park sailors

by Malinnikov Ruslan, 80 meters away

Abandoned trucks near the park sailors

D: At the edge of Rybalsky bridge (Kiev)

by Malinnikov Ruslan, 100 meters away

At the edge of Rybalsky bridge (Kiev)

E: Under the Havana Bridge 2

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Havana Road Bridge, which was commissioned in 2010. The total length of the bridge is 380 meters. Cro...

Under the Havana Bridge 2

F: Under the Havana Bridge

by Ukraine, 410 meters away

Havana Road Bridge, which was commissioned in 2010. The total length of the bridge is 380 meters. Cro...

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G: to the desired angle

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to the desired angle

H: St. Nicolas "Naberezhnogo" Church (Kiev)

by Malinnikov Ruslan, 770 meters away

St. Nicolas "Naberezhnogo" Church (Kiev)

I: Sportclub '5 element'

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J: devastation

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This panorama was taken in Kiev

This is an overview of Kiev

Overview and History

Kiev is situated on the river Dnieper, which was one of the most important navigation arteries in Europe and part of the ancient trade route "from Varangiants to the Greeks."

The legend of Kiev starts with three brothers -- Kiy, Scheck and Khoriv. Their sister was named Lybid. Kiy came to live on the mountain which has now become the Borichev slope; Scheck settled on the Shechekavitska mountain, and Khoriv lived on the mountain now called Khorevitska. They built a town and named it after the oldest brother. There was a forest full of animals in all directions. They were wise and clever in the way they built Kiev into a city, and the people there were called Polians.

This forms the base of what city calls itself "the Mother of all Slavic cities," the place which claims to be the spiritual center of the Russian Empire. Kievan Rus was the center of Slavic civilization in the early medieval times, changing from an outpost of the Khazar empire into one of the worlds largest cities for its time. During this period Kiev was ruled by the Vanangian nobility; however, it was attacked and beseiged in the 10th century with the beginning of a series of invasions.

Kiev has been invaded more times than most places in Europe. Several Russian princes captured and burned Kiev and Mongolian raiders completely destroyed the city in the 13th century. Powerful neighbors like the Grand Ducky of Lithuania, Poland and then Russia held sway over Kiev's prosperity until the industrial revolution.

Ukraine gradually lost its autonomy during the nineteenth century while Russian migration and administration changed the face of Kiev. Folk art and traditions continued under the surface but Russian landmarks such as railroads, architecture and educational facilities stole the spotlight.

Following the Russian Revolution in 1917 Kiev became an important city of the Ukranian Soviet Socialist Republic and was named its capital in 1934. The city was significantly damaged during WWII but recovered quickly, becoming the third largest city in the Soviet Union.

The Ukraine gained its independence in 1991 and Kiev remains its capital.

Getting There

There are two main airports in Kiev, Borispol International Airport and Zhuliany. Zhuliany handles domestic flights around Ukraine. Borispol International is about 38km from the city and you can reach it by bus or metro. "Boryspilska" is the name of the airport metro station.

Transportation

Taxis are plentiful in Kiev but not cheap, and tourists get hassled at the airport. Rumor is that everyone with a car in Kiev is a potential taxi driver, and they will charge pedestrians less than the taxi will.

Other options for getting around are the minibus, trolley, tram and metro. Remember to stamp your ticket in the machine on the trolleys and trams!

The first tram system in Kiev was built in 1892, making it one of the first ones in the whole world. Nowadays the metro is the main mode of transportation for most people.

People and Culture

The dominant religion here is Orthodox Christianity. Holidays are divided into two groups, religious and public ones. New Year is the the most popular holiday of the year, moreso even than Christmas. Popular public holidays are Independence Day, International Women's Day. The orthodox religious holidays have their own unique character apart from the Catholic ones.

If someone invites you to their home, it's always a good idea to bring something small like a bottle of wine, or chocolates. If you decide to bring flowers, make sure you count them! Do NOT bring an even number of flowers and don't shake hands in the doorway, come all the way inside first. Be ready to take your shoes off when you go inside, also. A little local customs management goes a loooong way.

Things to do, Recommendations

St. Andrew's Descent is the heart of Kiev's artistic commununity and it makes a big attraction for tourists seeking traditional Ukrainian arts and crafts. Originally it connected the Upper City's administrative section with the Podil, Lower City of merchants and artisans. It has long been host to festivals, concerts and galleries. Around St. Andrew's Cathedral. Have you heard of Gogol Bordello, the band? Its namesake Nikolay Gogol used to like walking around here.

There are many UNESCO world heritage sites here, like The Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Monastery of the Caves) and Saint Sophia Cathedral. St. Sophia's is still actively performing the Mass in addition to being a major tourist attraction.

Classical music venues are many: the Conservatoire, Philharmonic Society, House of Organ Music, Refectory in Lavra, International Centre of Culture and Arts, Ukrainian House.

The National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet is the oldest opera house in Ukraine, dating back to 1867. It saw performances of works by Tchaikovsky, Glinka, and Dargomyzhsky.

If you like being outside, you should visit the botanical gardens and the military museum with MIG-29 aircraft. Also there's the Pyrohiv village with its outdoor historical exhibit. This is officially called the Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine. It has an area of 1.5 square kilometres which houses several "mini-villages" representing traditional Ukranian rural life.

Other places you should not miss are Independence Square, or Maidan Nezalezhnosti. It's thecentral square in Kiev, the main and the most beautiful one.

Kreschatik is the most famous and busiest street in Kiev. It is a wide boulevard with plenty of chestnut trees. It is hard to believe that some time ago on the site of Kreschatik used to be a valley and a river surrounded by forest. Nowadays it stretches from Europeiskaya Square to Bessarabskaya Square and contains trade buildings, bank departments and luxurious hotels.

For night life, try these recommendations: AVALON lounge bar, restaurant, disco, and casino halls. Avalon restaurant boasts an extensive list of oysters, fish and seafood and is designed like an underwater kingdom, complete with jellyfish chandeliers and mermaids. Avalon casino is one of the oldest and most prestigious gaming venues in Ukraine).

Text by Steve Smith.

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