Mountains are calling (Mustang) and D...
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Panoramic photo by Suraj Shakya Taken 12:00, 06/03/2013 - Views loading...

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Mountains are calling (Mustang) and Darchule Snow Leopard by Prajwol and Dustin

The World > Asia > Nepal

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Nearby images in Nepal

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A: Swayambhunath

by Bikash Khadge | www.bikashkhadge.com.np | Bikash Ya Kipa, 1.2 km away

Swayambhunath Stupa is a golden spire crowning a conical wooded hill. It is the most ancient and enig...

Swayambhunath

B: Svayambhunath Stupa Kathmandu

by Paul Linden, 1.2 km away

The Svayambhunath Stupa is considered the most important Stupa in the Kathmandu Valley. The Stupa is ...

Svayambhunath Stupa Kathmandu

C: Svayambhunath Stupa Kathmandu

by Paul Linden, 1.3 km away

The Svayambhunath Stupa is considered the most important Stupa in the Kathmandu Valley. The Stupa is ...

Svayambhunath Stupa Kathmandu

D: Svayambhunath Stupa Kathmandu

by Paul Linden, 1.3 km away

The Svayambhunath Stupa is considered the most important Stupa in the Kathmandu Valley. The Stupa is ...

Svayambhunath Stupa Kathmandu

E: Kathmandu Durbar Square [from West]

by Prabal Tuladhar, 1.5 km away

Kathmandu Durbar Square or Hanumandhoka Durbar Square is the plaza in front of the old royal palace o...

Kathmandu Durbar Square [from West]

F: Kathmandu Durbar Square [Basantapur Durbar Square] - South

by Prabal Tuladhar, 1.6 km away

During the Shah dynasty that followed, the Kathmandu Durbar Square saw a number of changes. Two of th...

Kathmandu Durbar Square [Basantapur Durbar Square] - South

G: New Road Square of Kathmandu

by Prabal Tuladhar, 1.8 km away

New Road Square is the financial hub and busiest high street of Nepal. In the center stand the statue...

New Road Square of Kathmandu

H: Stupa Tamel

by Dmitri Shardakov, 1.9 km away

Stupa Tamel

I: stupa Kathmandu-Tamel

by Dmitri Shardakov, 2.0 km away

stupa Kathmandu-Tamel

J: Stupa in Tamel. Kathmandu

by Dmitri Shardakov, 2.0 km away

Stupa in Tamel. Kathmandu

This panorama was taken in Nepal

This is an overview of Nepal

Nepal lies between India and China and it contains Mt. Everest, the tallest mountain in the world. The Himalayas here are pretty rugged terrain.

The first civilizations here date to 600 BC in the Kathmandu valley, where the capital is now located. According to Buddhist tenets, the Buddha was born here in 563 BC, incarnating as Prince Siddhartha Gautama and leading the world to enlightenment through liberation from suffering. Many small temples and shrines like this one exist for Buddhists to stop and offer prayers.

Early support of Buddhism gradually gave way to Hinduism and today Nepal is the world's only Hindu monarchy. The kingdom of Nepal was united in 1768 by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who fled the Moghul invasions of India. Soon after that there was a period of conflict with the British East India Company leading to a treaty recognizing the independence of Nepal -- in 1923!

After WWII Nepal was ruled by monarchy but it arrived at the 1990's split by an official ban on political parties. Intense protest by the pro-democracy movement and the Maoist guerrilla Communist movement led to free elections in 1991, only to be followed by violence between the Nepalese government and Maoist guerillas.

Since the turn of the millennium there have been several important steps taken in the peace process, including a new Constitution for Nepal and a cease fire agreement with the rebels. A compromise government was achieved whereby a Maoist was elected prime minister without his taking control of the armed forces of the country.

At the time of this writing it has been one week since the compromise government has collapsed. We offer our hopes that the citizens and government of this beautiful country will come to a peaceful agreement soon.

Text by Steve Smith.

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