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F.Rude Art Museum
France

Installé en 1947 dans le transept de l'église Saint-Etienne, édifiée au milieu du XIe siècle et dont la nef fut rebâtie au XVIIIe siècle, ce musée présente des moulages d'oeuvres du sculpteur dijonnais François Rude (Dijon, 1784 - Paris, 1855). Pour mieux faire connaître la production de cet illustre sculpteur, la Ville de Dijon acquit ou fit exécuter, de 1887 à 1910, des moulages des oeuvres principales de l'artiste. La pièce capitale et monumentale de cet ensemble est le moulage grandeur nature du célèbre bas-relief de l'Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile, le départ des volontaires de 1792, communément appelé la "Marseillaise". Les nombreuses pièces exposées attestent du talent et des multiples sources d'inspiration de François Rude : sujets mythologiques, dus à sa formation néo-classique à l'Ecole de Dessin de Dijon - Bas-reliefs de la vie d'Achille -, grandes compositions à sujet historique - Le Maréchal Ney ou Le Réveil de Napoléon -, oeuvres romantiques - Mercure rattachant sa talonnière -, sujets religieux - Tête de Christ -, ainsi que de nombreux portraits en buste. Dessins et croquis permettent non seulement de suivre l'évolution des nombreux projets pour l'Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile, mais aussi de mieux comprendre l'ensemble de la production de cet artiste. Enfin, dans le choeur, sont encore visibles les substructions de la crypte de l'église du XIe siècle, ainsi qu'un important morceau du mur du Castrum gallo-romain, édifié au IIIe siècle. Informations Pratiques Rue Vaillant 21000 DIJON.

Copyright: Rizzotti André
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 5340x2670
Taken: 18/07/2011
Uploaded: 18/07/2011
Updated: 06/08/2014
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Tags: rizzotti; andré rizzotti; dijon; centre ville; center town; place saint-michel; musee; musée d'art; musée françois rude; museum; art museum; burgundy museum; scultpures; pierre; veilles pierres; patrimoine; historique; heritage; historical heritage; bourgogne; burgundy; france
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France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.Text by Steve Smith.