Nanjing gazes the garden: south of Yangzi River of a Nanjing four given name gardens gazes the garden is a Nanjing extant history most long botanical garden, already over 600 advanced ages. Gazes the garden to gaze garden road 208 located at Nanjing, also calls the Ming Dynasty the palace and Taiping Heavenly Kingdom history abundant the thing hall. Because the Ming Dynasty first year, Zhu Yuanzhang reads person who has rendered meritorious service Xu to reach “has not had dwells peace”, gave ZhongshanWang Xu to reach especially has completed this mansion garden. Initially when changes the Jiangning provincial adminstrative commissioner department yamen clear, Emperor Qianlong the southern tour, two times to gazed the garden tour, and own handwriting painted “gazed the garden” the inscribed horizontal tablet. Now as before preserves the rocky ledge and the Chinese wisteria, were had more than 600 years history. after in 1853 the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom established the capital in Nanjing, after south 1853 the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom established the capital in the Beijing, here successively depended Chinese-English's palace garden for east king Yang Xiuqing and Prime Minister Xia Guan. The clear Tongzhi three years (in 1864) the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Tianjing defended the war, this garden destroyed in the havoc of war. Tongzhi, Guangxu Dynasty two repairs, but garden scenery far inferior old look. in 1960, our country famous ancient constructed expert Professor Liu Duizhen to manage gazes the garden the restoration entire to construct the work, not only retained the original pattern characteristic, moreover fully has also utilized Suzhou the historic garden research results, weeded through the old to bring forth the new, creatively inherited and has developed our country outstanding landscape gardening art.
Jiangsu located at Yangtze River, the Huaihe River downstream, shore of Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, north meets Shandong, west continually Anhui, the southeast and Shanghai, Zhejiang border on, is the Yangtse Delta area important component, is situated between the east longitude 116°18 ' -121°57 ', north latitude 30°45 ' - 35°20 ' between. Acquires fame in the Qing Dynasty Jiangning government office and the Soviet state capital two government offices the first character. Is one of Chinese population density highest provinces, the total area 102,600 square kilometers, account for the national total area 1.11%, the continuous nearly 1000 kilometer coastlines are hugging the approximately 9,800,000 Chinese acre gold shallow seas and tidelands. Within the boundaries plain is vast, the land is fertile, the product is rich, the rivers and streams lake is densely covered, in five big fresh water lake's Tai Lake, Hongze Lake recline in this, in the history is known as “the land of plenty” fine reputation, Jiangsu's abbreviation “Soviet” the traditional character is this Italy originally. The Jiangsu history is glorious. Here is the Chinese Wu culture and the Chinese culture birthplace, as early as area Nanjing already was the humanity lives together the place hundreds of thousands of years ago. more than 6000 years ago, nearby nearby Nanjing and Tai Lake as well as Xuzhou and Hongze Lake already presented the primitive village, started the primitive farming production. more than 3000 years ago, Jiangsu bronzeware's smelting and forging, has achieved the very high technical level. 3- the 6th century, Nanjing became south China's economic civilization center. 7- after the 10th century, south the national economical center of gravity moves, has so-called “the world important matter, supinely in southeast” the view, Yangzhou becomes the national liveliest city. A.D. 14- after the mid-17th century, places such as Suzhou, Songjiang District and Nanjing, become the birthplace which our country capitalism germinates. The 19th century end, modern industries and so on silk reeling, spinning and weaving, bread flour, mining coal, in places such as Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Changzhou, Xuzhou emerge one after another. Hereafter, Jiangsu's economy, the social development have been among the best in China.